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The letters are (ه) Haa, (ك) Kaaf, (م) Miim, and (ي) Yaa. Haa (ه) makes the English "h" sound. It is never silent. Kaaf (ك) makes an English "k" sound. Miim (م) makes the "m" sound. Yaa (ي) makes the consonant "y" sound as in "you".
The unique thing about ه (haa) is that in most styles of writing all its forms look different. Recall that every Arabic letter has 4 forms (usually only 2 significantly differing forms).
Words are made of letters of different kinds.
The above examples also show letters changing form in order to connect. Example: ه (haa-single form) became هـ (haa-initial form), they are both the same letter, but in different forms, so they can be handwritten together. But how do we know which form a letter is supposed to take on in a word?