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grammar - declination of nouns

I know that grammar is not very popular among students. But if you want to use Czech well, you need a bit of grammar.

To start with I have decided to write something about Czech nouns and their declination.
In the table you can see how to decline the nouns (you add a suffix to the noun).

1. pád kdo/co? (who/what?) nominative
2. pád bez koho/čeho? (without whom/what?) genitive
3. pád ke komu/čemu? (to whom/what?) dative
4. pád vidím koho/co? (I see) accusative
5. pád oslovujeme/voláme (I address/call) vocative
6. pád o kom/čem? (about whom/what?) locative
7. pád s kým/čím? (with whom/what?) instrumental


There are three genders in Czech:  masculine, feminine, and neuter. Masculine is animate and inanimate.
Nouns are declined according to these words:
1) masculine gender:
     a) animate: pán, muž, předseda, soudce
     b) inanimate: hrad, stroj
2) feminine gender: žena, růže, píseň, kost
3) neuter: město, moře, kuře, stavení

Words for individuals with biological gender usually have the corresponding grammatical gender.

examples:

Praha - according to žena
most - according to hrad
těsto - according to město
Jana - according to žena
gerbera - according to žena
internet - according to hrad
pes - according to pán


 


You can find declination of these genders in any good grammar book.


Hope you enjoyed the lesson.











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