grammar - declination of nouns
To start with I have decided to write something about Czech nouns and their declination.
In the table you can see how to decline the nouns (you add a suffix to the noun).
|1. pád||kdo/co? (who/what?)||nominative|
|2. pád||bez koho/čeho? (without whom/what?)||genitive|
|3. pád||ke komu/čemu? (to whom/what?)||dative|
|4. pád||vidím koho/co? (I see)||accusative|
|5. pád||oslovujeme/voláme (I address/call)||vocative|
|6. pád||o kom/čem? (about whom/what?)||locative|
|7. pád||s kým/čím? (with whom/what?)||instrumental|
There are three genders in Czech: masculine, feminine, and neuter. Masculine is animate and inanimate.
Nouns are declined according to these words:
1) masculine gender:
a) animate: pán, muž, předseda, soudce
b) inanimate: hrad, stroj
2) feminine gender: žena, růže, píseň, kost
3) neuter: město, moře, kuře, stavení
Words for individuals with biological gender usually have the corresponding grammatical gender.
Praha - according to žena
most - according to hrad
těsto - according to město
Jana - according to žena
gerbera - according to žena
internet - according to hrad
pes - according to pán
You can find declination of these genders in any good grammar book.
Hope you enjoyed the lesson.
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