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LESSON 1- الدَّرْسُ الأوَّلُ


هـٰذا - '.....This'
  • Please read the sentences below.  After completing the sentences we shall go over the rules for this lesson.

  • In Part 1 of Lesson 1 we learn how to use the pronoun هـٰذا which means 'This' (called the demonstrative pronoun in grammar).  haadhaa is pronounced هَاذَا  but is written without the first alif.  The second word is the noun (object) being referred to e.g.  بَيْتٌ means house.



هـٰذا بَابٌ هـٰذا بَيْتٌ
This is a book
This is a mosque
This is a door This is a house

  • Arabic has no word which is equal to the English word "is" which is referred to as a copula in grammar.  We can see this rule demonstrated above where we see the words for هـٰذا and the noun/object مَسْجِد being referred to without any copula. i.e.  هـٰذا مَسْجِدٌ  If read literally this sentence would read "This Mosque", however, the word "is" can be implied in this sentence so that it reads "This is a Mosque".

 

  • There is no word in Arabic corresponding to "a" in English as in: "This is a book". The n-sound, i.e. the tanween (doubled vowel sign) at the end of the Arabic noun (kitabu-n, baitu-n, masjidu-n) is the Arabic indefinite article corresponding to the English "a/an".

 

  • Please click on the button for part 2 below to move onto the next section where we will practise this principle further Insha'Allah.

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