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Phonetic Symbols and Examples(音标及示例)

 

( Skype ID: retsamzhang )

CONSONANT(辅音)
[ p ] —— P(后无H) —— pen, map, happy
[ b ] —— B(注意mb结尾时, b不发音) —— book, boy, behind
[ k ] —— K,CK,C(后无I/E/Y/H) —— cake, kite, clock,
[ ɡ] —— G(后无E或是DGE) —— gate, big, dig, girl
[ t ] —— T(后无H/R) —— time, got, table, little
[ d ] —— D(后无GE/R) —— door, dance, road, middle
[ f ] —— F, PH —— five, photo, flight, football
[ v ] —— V —— vest, live, vast, review
[ θ] —— TH —— thing, three, fifth, throw
[ ð ] —— TH —— that, this, father, with
[ s ] —— S,CE/CI/CY/ —— see, dance, city, certainly
[ z ] —— Z, 元/浊音后的后加的S —— zip, zoo, boys, doors
[ ʃ ] —— SH —— shop, fish, show, English, sheep
[ ʒ ] —— U中间的S —— usually, measure, pleasure
[ h ] —— H,WH~ —— hole, whole, who, Helen
[ r ] —— R(前无T/D/A/E/O) —— right, robber, room
[ tʃ ] —— CH —— much, chair, chat, China
[ dʒ ] —— 开头的字母J, ~GE,~DGE —— June, just, bridge, change
[ tr ] —— TR —— tree, try, trousers
[ dr ] —— DR —— draw, dress, drive
[ ts ] —— ~TS,~TES —— boots, tastes
[ dz ] —— ~DS, ~DES —— beds, besides
[ m ] —— M —— morning, come, match, comb
[ n ] —— N(mn结尾时, n不发音;后无K/G) —— night, fine, nose, nine
[ ŋk ] —— ~NG,~NK —— think, thing, ink, English
[ l ] —— L —— light, left, let, travel
[ w ] —— W~, WH~, ~W~ —— why, where, swim,
[ j ] —— Y~ —— yes, year, your
 
VOWEL(元音)
[ i: ] —— E,EA,EE,I,IE —— be, we, please, feet, see, free, police, machine, believe, piece
[ i ] —— IE –Y —— in, six, English, country
[ e ] —— E,EA,A —— pen, yellow, health, sweater, any, many
[ æ ] —— A —— bag, man, than, shall
[ ə ] —— ~ER,~OR —— worker, visitor
[ ə:] —— ER,IR,UR,OR,EAR —— her, term, bird, first, turn, burn, worse, learn, earth
[ ʌ ] —— U,O,OU —— cup, hungry, love, front, touch, young
[ a: ] —— A,AR,AL,AU —— class, last, are, hard, start, half, aunt
[ ɔ ] —— AO —— what, wash, not, long, doll
[ ɔ: ] —— AL,AU,OR,ORE,OOR,OUR,AR,AW —— all, chalk, daughter, autumn, sport, born, more, before, four, quarter, draw, saw
[ u ] —— O,UL,UO,OO —— book, goodness, could, full, woman,
[ u: ] —— U,O,OO —— blue, ruler, do, shoe, zoo, moon
[ ei ] —— A~AY,AI,EIGH,~EY —— name, same, way, day, wait, train, eighteen
[ ai ] —— I,~Y,IGH —— I, tiger, by, bye, fly, right, high,
[ ɔi ] —— OI,OY —— toilet, joy, boy, enjoy
[ au ] —— OU,OW —— out, count, round, how, down, town
[ əu ] —— O,OA,OW —— close, only, boat, coat, row, know, show
[ iə ] —— EAR,EER,ERE,EA —— dear, hear, pioneer, here, idea
[ ɛə ] —— AIR,ERE,EAR,EIR,ARE —— fair, hair, there, wear, their, careful
[ uə ] —— URE —— sure

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