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Pluriel/Plurial

Pour l'anglais :

En règle générale, la forme plurielle du nom est construite en ajoutant un "-s" à la forme singulière:

shoe --> shoes

book --> books

river --> rivers 

Les mots se terminant en "s" ou "z" prendront généralement la terminaison "-es" :

bus --> buses

kiss --> kisses

Les mots se terminant en "-y" prendront généralement la terminaison "-ies" :

party --> parties

supply --> supplies 

Certains mots sont irréguliers au pluriel :

one man --> two men

one woman --> two women

one person --> two people

one foot --> two feet

one mouse --> two mice

one goose --> two geese

one tooth --> two teeth

one wife --> two wives

one child --> two children

one knife --> two knives

one thief --> two thieves

one dwarf --> two dwarves (ou: dwarfs)

one potato --> two potatoes

one leaf --> two leaves

one life --> two lives

one loaf --> two loaves

one half --> two halves


Certains mots rarissimes ne changent pas du tout au pluriel :

one moose --> two moose

one sheep --> two sheep

one aircraft --> two aircraft


Les mots d'origine latine ou grecque qui ont retenu une terminaison antique se conformeront généralement à la forme plurielle de leur langue d'emprunt :

one alumnus --> two alumni

one syllabus --> two syllabi

one alumna --> two alumnae

one alga --> many algae

one criterion --> many criteria 

one forum --> many fora (ou : forums)

one thesis --> two theses

one hypothesis --> two hypotheses

one phenomenon --> two phenomena

one cactus --> two cacti (ou : cactuses)

one diagnosis --> two diagnoses

one oasis --> two oases

one analysis --> two analyses 

*Source : http://www.anglaisfacile.com

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Comments

we can't say "one sheep" or "two sheep" because it's a collective noun

Oh, Thank you a lot to explanations Ka English !

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