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Lesson 4 - Cardinal Numbers

 

Cardinal Numbers

 

The next step in learning Russian is to learn the Russian numbers. Once you learn the Russian numbers you will find it much easier doing things like shopping, or catching a train or tram. You will be able to understand when people give you the price of something. You will understand and will not be embarrassed to tell the time. We will start with the numbers 1-10.

 

Russian numbers: 1 to 10

 1 - один  ("a-deen")

 2 - два  ("dva")

 3 - три  ("tree")

 4 - четыре  ("chye-tir-ye")

 5 - пять ("pyat")

 6 - шесть  ("shest")

 7 - семь ("syem")

 8 - восемь  ("vo-syem")

 9 - девять ("dyev-yat")

 10 -десять ("dyes-yat")

 

Read through the numbers 1-10 a couple of times until you are comfortable with them. Try counting from 1 to 10 without looking. Then for practice, try counting backwards from 10 to 1 in Russian.


Russian numbers: 11 to 19

 11 - одиннадцать

 12 - двенадцать

 13 - тринадцать

 14 - четырнадцать

 15 - пятнадцать

 16 - шестнадцать

 17 - семнадцать

 18 - восемнадцать

 19 - девятнадцать

 

Russian numbers: 20 and onwards

As you could see, the numbers 11-19 are simply formed by adding "надцать" to the numbers 1-9. (You will need to drop the soft sign, or the "е" in "четыре")

20 in Russian is "двадцать". The numbers 21-29 are formed in a similar to English way.

 

Here are some examples:

20 - двадцать

21 - двадцать один

22 - двадцать два

23 - двадцать три

24 - двадцать четыре

 

Other compound numbers are formed in the same way, quite similar to English. (There is no need to use the word "and" in Russian).

Here are the other numbers you will need to form numbers in Russia. It will be useful to learn as many of these numbers as you can because it makes it easier to understand the price of goods in Russian rubles.

 30 - тридцать

 40 - сорок

 50 - пятьдесят

 60 - шестьдесят

 70 - семьдесят

 80 - восемьдесят

 90 - девяносто

 100 - сто

 

 200 - двести

 300 - триста

 400 - четыреста

 500 - пятьсот

 600 - шестьсот

 700 - семьсот

 800 - восемьсот

 900 - девятьсот

 

1,000 – тысяча

1 тысяча

2, 3 or 4 тысячи

5-20, 30, 40, 50… тысяч

 

1,000,000 – миллион

1 миллион

2, 3 or 4 миллиона

5-20, 30, 40, 50… миллионов

 

 1,000,000,000 – миллиард

1 миллиард

2, 3 or 4 миллиарда

5-20, 30, 40, 50… миллиардов

 

For example: 131 - сто тридцать один

When reading phone numbers you may also need to know the name of the digit 0.

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