Site Feedback

Survival Japanese [16] ... ni gozaimasu, ... ni narimasu. The answers of Dokodesuka. For beginners

 

We learned "Doko desu ka?" last time. In this discussion, we are going to learn about some expected answers of this question.

[Example 1]

Question

お手洗い は どこですか?

Otearai wa doko desu ka?

 

Answer

In a big mall or department

お手洗い 1階 と 3階 に ございます。

Otearai wa ikkai to sangai ni gozaimasu.

The rest rooms are located on the first and third floors.

 

In a restaurant

お手洗い  出て 右奥 に ございます。

Otearai wa dete migioku ni gozaimasu.

(When you step out this restaurant, you'll find) the rest room (is) behind the right corner.

In a supermarket

お手洗い  野菜 売り場 の 隣 に なります。

Otearai wa yasai uriba no tonari ni narimasu.

The rest room is next to the vegetable section.

 

These are the structures.

[The place you asked] は[direction/place] に ございます。

[The place you asked] wa [direction/place] ni gozaimasu.

or

[The place you asked] は[direction/place] に なります。

[The place you asked] wa [direction/place] ni narimasu.

 

The "...に ございます。... ni gozaimasu." and "... に なります。... ni narimasu." are polite expressions and have almost the same meaning which indicates "exist" or "locate" in this case but "... に なります。... ni narimasu." expresses more conditional meaning. Another example of "... に なります。... ni narimasu." will be "1000円 に なります。1000 en ni narimasu." ((the total) is 1000 yen) at a check-out counter. However, we do not use "gozaimasu" and "narimasu" when we answer about things we own.

[example]

あなた の 本 は   どこですか?

Anata no hon wa doko desu ka?

本(hon):book

あなたの:your

[wrong answer]

わたし の ほん は ここ に ございます。

Watashi no hon wa koko ni gozaimasu.

わたしの:my

ここ:here

 

The more casual expressions of "... に ございます。... ni gozaimasu." and "... に なります。...ni narimasu." are "... に あります。... ni arimasu." and "... に ある。... ni aru." The "ある aru" is the basic verb of "to exist". The "ありますarimasu" is more polite expression of "ある aru" modified with "ます masu". (ある aru+ ます masu= あります arimasu) In spite of these different expressions, these are basically indicating the same meaning, but only the matter of the politeness. Stuff at expensive stores tend to use very polite expressions like "ございます。gozaimasu".

 

Today, we learned some of the basic structures of the expected answers of "どこですか Dokodesuka" question. In the next discussion, we will learn more details about the directions and the expressions of places.

 

Review ふくしゅう

the order is from the most polite to casual.

[The place you asked] は[direction/place] に ございます。

[The place you asked] wa [direction/place] ni gozaimasu.

 

[The place you asked] は[direction/place] に なります。

[The place you asked] wa [direction/place] ni narimasu.

 

[The place you asked] は[direction/place] に あります。

[The place you asked] wa [direction/place] ni arimasu.

 

[The place you asked] は[direction/place] に ある。

[The place you asked] wa [direction/place] ni aru.

 

Review Quiz

Fill-in-blank questions.

1

お手洗い は どこですか?

Otearai wa doko desu ka?

お手洗い は こちら に (     )。

Otearai wa kochira ni (         ).

2

あなたの ほんは どこですか?

Anatano hon wa dokodesuka?

わたしの ほんは ここ に (     )。

Watashi no hon wa  ni (          ).

 

The answer will be posted on Monday.

Have a nice weekend.

Chi

 

Share:

Comments

 

Answer

1

お手洗い は どこですか?

Otearai wa doko desu ka?

お手洗い は こちら に (ございます)。

Otearai wa kochira ni (gozaimasu).

or

お手洗い は こちら に なります。

Otearai wa kochira ni narimasu.

2

あなたの ほんは どこですか?

Anatano hon wa dokodesuka?

わたしの ほんは ここ に (あります)。

Watashi no hon wa  ni (arimasu).

When we are asked questions in a polite way, we may answer about it at the same degree of the politeness.

Add a comment