Site Feedback

Proper use of Sa and adverbs of time

This post will benefit the Fil-Ams or Filipinos with dual citizenship especially those who are still confuse with some parts  of Tagalog grammar.
While browsing the net I found some posts by Tagalog learners using

SA+ adverb of time [ ngayon, mamaya and alike]  which I find challenging.
I don’t want to correct but I want to help them to improve their learning.On my previous entries I ‘ve shared the use of “SA” [ again, the same with English prepositions ‘in, on. at, towards, to, belonging to]

Let’s familiarize ourselves with the Tagalog adverbs of time
Tagalog     /  English translation
Ngayon                  - today
Mamaya                 - later
Bukas                    -tomorrow
Kanina                   -earlier
Kaninang umaga      - earlier this morning
Kagabi                   - last night
Buong magdamag    -the whole night
Buong araw            - the whole day
Kahapon                - yesterday
Noon                    - last [ day of the week], back then, past
                                            [specific day]
Noong isang araw    -the other day
Sa isang araw         -the day after tomorrow
Sa susunod na . .. .     [ the next  ]  [ month is buwan, year is  taon, week is linggo ]
Note : Linggo is Sunday   and linggo is week

Next, we should remember we should not use SA together with an adverb of time [grammatically incorrect]

Wrong usage:
Sa mamaya, Sa bukas, Sa ngayon  
Unless you are referring “Sa ngayon” as  “ for today” or “ for this day” [ para sa araw na ito]
Today and For today have different meanings

Observe the following sentences:These are  correct
Sa June 10, 2013        /on June 10, 2013
Sa Martes                 / on Tuesday
Sa meeting               / on the meeting
Noong Martes           /Last Tuesday
Noong Pasko            /Last Christmas
Noong 2011             / Last 2011, back on the year 2011


Useful phrases and sentences you may want to learn:
Anong petsa ngayon?            /What’s the date today?
January 5 ngayon.                    /Today is January 5.

Anong araw bukas?            / What’s the day tomorrow?
Linggo bukas.                  /Tomorrow is Sunday.

Practice translating the following:
January 6 bukas.
February sa susunod na buwan.
2014 sa susunod na taon.
Pattern :                Date/year/ day  +   [ adverb of time]


NOTE: Again, professional corrections are welcome.
Hope you will learn from this! Magandang araw sa inyo!

Share:

Comments

No comment given.

Add a comment