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印尼语到底有没有规律?

比如前缀的be,ber,me,men,mem,meng到底有什么区别?

还有其他前缀和后缀都表示了什么意思?

e的发音有没有规律?

 

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Hi,

I'll try to answer your question in English.

 

In general, there are two kind of prefixes for verb, Active and Pasive.

 

Active

Me---/Meng---/Mem---/Men--- are the prefixes to form an active manner for a verb. Which one used for which word is depends on the first letter of the verb itself.

 

Verb that uses the first letter:

1. A, E, G, H, I, O, Q, U

use Meng---

for example Gambar => Menggambar, Gunting => Menggunting, Hilang => Menghilang, Obat => Mengobati, Hirup => Menghirup.

 

2. B, F, V

use Mem---

for example Beri => Memberi, Balas => Membalas, Foto => Memfoto.

 

3. C, D, J, Z

use Men---

for example Cari => Mencari, Cuci => Mencuci, Dua => Mendua.

 

 

4. L, M, N, R, W

use Me---

for example Rusak => Merusak, Warna => Mewarnai.

 

5. K

use Meng--- and the letter K is eliminated.

for example Kurang => Mengurangi, Kasih => Mengasihi, Kisah = > Mengisahkan.

 

6. P

use Mem--- and the letter P is eliminated.

for example Pijat = > Memijat, Pukul => Memukul

 

7. S

use Meny--- and the letter S is eliminated.

for example Sapu => Menyapu, Silang => Menyilang

 

8. T

use Men--- and the letter T is eliminated.

for example Tukang => Menukang, Takut => Menakuti

 

 

Passive

Di--- is the prefix to form a passive manner for a verb. And for this form, there is no variety.

 

 

It may be confusing at first, but don't worry, you'll become used to it as you learn and practice Indonesian Language :)

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