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I'll try to answer your question in English.


In general, there are two kind of prefixes for verb, Active and Pasive.



Me---/Meng---/Mem---/Men--- are the prefixes to form an active manner for a verb. Which one used for which word is depends on the first letter of the verb itself.


Verb that uses the first letter:

1. A, E, G, H, I, O, Q, U

use Meng---

for example Gambar => Menggambar, Gunting => Menggunting, Hilang => Menghilang, Obat => Mengobati, Hirup => Menghirup.


2. B, F, V

use Mem---

for example Beri => Memberi, Balas => Membalas, Foto => Memfoto.


3. C, D, J, Z

use Men---

for example Cari => Mencari, Cuci => Mencuci, Dua => Mendua.



4. L, M, N, R, W

use Me---

for example Rusak => Merusak, Warna => Mewarnai.


5. K

use Meng--- and the letter K is eliminated.

for example Kurang => Mengurangi, Kasih => Mengasihi, Kisah = > Mengisahkan.


6. P

use Mem--- and the letter P is eliminated.

for example Pijat = > Memijat, Pukul => Memukul


7. S

use Meny--- and the letter S is eliminated.

for example Sapu => Menyapu, Silang => Menyilang


8. T

use Men--- and the letter T is eliminated.

for example Tukang => Menukang, Takut => Menakuti




Di--- is the prefix to form a passive manner for a verb. And for this form, there is no variety.



It may be confusing at first, but don't worry, you'll become used to it as you learn and practice Indonesian Language :)

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