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First of all, I want to know what's the difference of Mandarin Chinese, Cantonese, Taiwanese.. etc.. They all seem the same to me. I don't know which one should I learn. I just want to be able to read the chinese characters first. I think I learn quite easily if i know how to read.
please answer me!
xie xie~ ^^
I think you should learning Mandarin Chinese,coz the Cantonese and Taiwanese is dislect.
@carrie ahhh.. so you mean.. Mandarin Chinese is the main language? but what's the diffence of them? they all look and sound the same to me..
same here, i dont know how to read chinese using english as a buffer language.
1. I am an old man (76) who is also interested only in reading Chinese.
2. I can now read easy news articles if I have a good dictionary. (I still cannot read technical or scholarly articles.)
3. Each day I visit the website of a very respected European news website. (I don't think that I can mention its name here.) I find an interesting article and print it out so that I can slowly translate it.
4. I suggest that you learn traditional characters first. Then it will be easier to guess what the simplified characters mean. If you learn the simplified characters first, then it will be very hard to guess what the traditional characters are. But if you do not have time to learn both, then I guess that it would be a good idea to learn the simplified characters.
5. Here in Los Angeles, there are about five daily newspapers in the Chinese language. I believe that Mandarin-speaking and Cantonese-speaking people can read the SAME newspaper. For example, when I read Eric's post, I pronounced the characters to myself in Mandarin. I guess that a Cantonese speaker would pronounce them in a different way.
6. Whenever you need help, you can post your question on italki. A few days ago, an italki member helped me translate some characters that I had seen in a magazine.
For most people who want to speak or listening Chinese, Chinese and Taiwanese (traditional chinese) have no critical difference . I may sum up the difference resembles British english and American English. Once you can listen and speak any of both , you would not have any diffficult in speaking or listening to another language except some slang . American , Australian or British english exist trace difference while you can ignore it in most situation .For instance, I have been learning english for 10 more years and I used to listen to American English more . In recent years I need to sit IELTs test , so I have to listen to British pronuncation more. No matter you learn from a Chinese or A Taiwanese , you do not need to worry about mutual communication between 2 peoples.
In terms of writing , It is a serious problem indeed . If you want to go deeper into Chinese culture or literature, especially China history and old relics, You had better learn traditional chinese because most current simple chinese characters are quite different from old traditional words. The current simple Chinese exist no more than 60 years. In other words , you cannot read it smoothly , the article which published 70 years ago . Furthermore, Traditional Chinese are created more logically than simple chinese . that is why James suggest you learn traditional chinese at first . After you have learned Traditional Chinese, it is absolutely no problem to read simple Chinese at all.
Mingnan language is a sort of dialect and they are called "taiwanese" on occasion . do not mistake both of them . Official language in Taiwan is traditional Chinese (Mandarin).
Mandarin Chinese is the 汉语（Standard Chinese）, Taiwanese refers to the island of Taiwan dialect, sound and Chinese are the same, but listen carefully ， there are different, like American English and British English, although almost the same, but there are differences. As for the Cantonese, it is indeed the dialect, and is not a bit similar with 汉语, with the rapid development of Chinese economy, the Cantonese will become less and less important.
So many friends have given you the answer. Mandarin Chinese is wildly used. Cantonese can be written as same as Mandarin Chinese, and they have the same meaning, but the pronunciation is different. Taiwanese have the same pronunciation and meaning as Mandarin Chinese, but same words is written in a complicated way. 学会普通话，你可以读懂粤语，看懂台湾字，台湾话和普通话没有本质区别就是保留了大部分的繁体字。
It all really depends on what you want to do with the language. If you want the language that will allow you to speak to the most Chinese people, learn mandarin. If you're unsure about "which chinese" to learn, start with mandarin. The other dialects are interesting from an academic perspective, or for a specific purpose a) You have Cantonese speaking friendsb)You like Hong Kong Cinemac) You are interested in the history of the Chinese language d) You want to shock Native speakers when you whip out some rough working class Shanghainese.From the perspective of someone who has studied a few languages from an English speaking background, I will make three points.
1) "Traditional" Chinese is harder to write, but understanding the history of a character often makes it easier to comprehend/remember. Simplified is most used in the mainland. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simplified_Chinese_character2) Chinese (in general) is a very aural language. Listening and understanding the general "feel" of the language will really help, even in writing. This is true for most languages. 3) Asian languages are not like western phonetic languages. Learning the characters will take time... usually years, to complete. (There are around 3500 commonly used day to day characters for simplified chinese, by conservative estimates.)Your best bet is to learn characters simultaneously with your verbal/vocab/grammar skills. There are a load of great *free* resources out there for learning Mandarin, offered by the Chinese government. (hanyu net)Good luck. It's a great fun, and extremely rewarding language!