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Tagalog 101: Asking the question " Sino"- "Who" and Personal Pronouns
The Question Who- Sino, and Personal Pronouns To ask the question “WHO” correctly familiarize yourself with the following personal pronouns: Personal Pronouns Singular Ako- I Ikaw, ka- You [ I will post a different entry regarding how “Ikaw” and “ka” are being used] Siya- he/she Ito- it , this [ can be for persons,objects, animals] Plural Tayo – we [ listener included] Kami- we [ listener not included] Sila- They Kayo – You [ plural form] Question: Sino is Who in English Basic Tagalog questions using “Sino” Sino ako?- Who am I? Sino ka?/ Who are you? Sino sila? / Who are they? Answers: Ako si Paul./ I am Paul. Sila sina Paul at Mark./ They are Paul and Mark.
*check my previous entry regarding the Tagalog Grammar, usage of Si and Sina
Try to translate these: Sino siya? Sinu-sino kayo?/ Sino kayo ? [ already acceptable and we are using it] Sinu-sino tayo/Sino tayo? Sino kami?/ Sinu-sino kami? Using “Sino” with “ ito / this , iyan/ that [ near] , and iyon/ that [ far]“ Sino ito?/ Sino ‘to? - Who’s this? Answer: Ito si Mark./ This is Mark. We also use this pattern , name+ ito [ Si Mark ito] . When someone ask our identity over the phone. Example: A: Hello! Magandang umaga! Sino ito?/ Hello! Good morning! Who’s this? B. Hello! Magandang umaga din! Si Mark ito./ Hello! Good morning too! This is Mark. Sino iyan ? /Sino ‘ yan ? - Who’s that? Answer: Iyan si Mr. Reyes./ That is Mr. Reyes. Sino iyon? / Sino ‘ yon?- Who’s that ? [ the person is far from the speaker and listener] Answer: Iyon ang tatay ko. / That is my father. We tend to double the question " Sino" to "Sinu- Sino" if we are asking a question with 2 or more persons involve. Though in English you don't repeat the word "Who".
Example: "Sinu- sino sila?" we sometimes use this question . Nowadays we can use "Sino sila? " regardless of whatever rule is behind it. Answer: Sila sina Karen, Joe, at Peter. They are Karen, Joe, and Peter. NOTE: Professional corrections are very welcome.
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