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Tagalog 101: Asking the question " Sino"- "Who" and Personal Pronouns

The Question Who- Sino, and Personal Pronouns
To ask the question “WHO” correctly familiarize yourself with the following personal pronouns:

Personal Pronouns
Singular
Ako- I
Ikaw, ka- You [ I will post a different entry regarding how “Ikaw” and “ka” are being used]

Siya- he/she
Ito- it , this [ can be for persons,objects, animals]


Plural
Tayo – we [ listener included]
Kami- we [ listener not included]
Sila- They
Kayo – You [ plural form]

Question: Sino ? is what in English

Basic Tagalog questions using “Sino”
Sino ako?- Who am I?
Sino ka?/ Who are you?
Sino sila? / Who are they?

Answers:
Ako si Paul./ I am Paul.
Sila sina Paul at Mark./ They are Paul and Mark.

Try to translate these:
Sino siya?
Sinu-sino kayo?/ Sino kayo ? [ already acceptable and we are using it]
Sinu-sino tayo/Sino tayo?
Sino kami?/ Sinu-sino kami?

Using “Sino” with “ ito / this , iyan/ that [ near] ,
and iyon/ that [ far]“

Sino ito?/ Sino ‘to? - Who’s this?
Answer: Ito si Mark./ This is Mark.

We also use this pattern , name+ ito [ Si Mark ito] . When someone ask ouridentity over the phone.

Example:
A: Hello! Magandang umaga! Sino ito?/ Hello! Good morning! Who’s this?
B. Hello! Magandang umaga din! Si Mark ito./ Hello! Good morning too! This is Mark.


Sino iyan ? /Sino ‘ yan ? - Who’s that?
Answer: Iyan si Mr. Reyes./ That is Mr. Reyes.

Sino iyon? / Sino ‘ yon?- Who’s that ?
[ the person is far from the speaker and listener]
Answer: Iyon ang tatay ko. / That is my father.

We tend to double the question " Sino" to "Sinu- Sino" if we are asking a question with 2 or more persons involve.
Though in English you don't repeat the word "Who".
Example:
"Sinu- sino sila?" we sometimes use this question . Nowadays we can use "Sino sila? " regardless of whatever rule is behind it.

Answer:
Sila sina Karen, Joe, at Peter.
They are Karen, Joe, and Peter.

NOTE: Professional corrections are very welcome.

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    Tagalog 101: Asking the question " Sino"- "Who" and Personal Pronouns

    The Question Who- Sino, and Personal Pronouns
    To ask the question “WHO” correctly familiarize yourself with the following personal pronouns:

    Personal Pronouns
    Singular
    Ako- I
    Ikaw, ka- You [ I will post a different entry regarding how “Ikaw” and “ka” are being used]

    Siya- he/she
    Ito- it , this [ can be for persons,objects, animals]


    Plural
    Tayo – we [ listener included]
    Kami- we [ listener not included]
    Sila- They
    Kayo – You [ plural form]

    Question: Sino  is Who in English

    Basic Tagalog questions using “Sino”
    Sino ako?- Who am I?
    Sino ka?/ Who are you?
    Sino sila? / Who are they?

    Answers:
    Ako si Paul./ I am Paul.
    Sila sina Paul at Mark./ They are Paul and Mark.

    *check my previous entry regarding the Tagalog Grammar, usage of Si and Sina


    Try to translate these:
    Sino siya?
    Sinu-sino kayo?/ Sino kayo ? [ already acceptable and we are using it]
    Sinu-sino tayo/Sino tayo?
    Sino kami?/ Sinu-sino kami?

    Using “Sino” with “ ito / this , iyan/ that [ near] ,  and iyon/ that [ far]“

    Sino ito?/ Sino ‘to? - Who’s this?
    Answer: Ito si Mark./ This is Mark.

    We also use this pattern , name+ ito [ Si Mark ito] . When someone ask our identity over the phone.

    Example:
    A: Hello! Magandang umaga! Sino ito?/ Hello! Good morning! Who’s this?
    B. Hello! Magandang umaga din! Si Mark ito./ Hello! Good morning too! This is Mark.


    Sino iyan ? /Sino ‘ yan ? - Who’s that?
    Answer: Iyan si Mr. Reyes./ That is Mr. Reyes.

    Sino iyon? / Sino ‘ yon?- Who’s that ?
    [ the person is far from the speaker and listener]
    Answer: Iyon ang tatay ko. / That is my father.

    We tend to double the question " Sino" to "Sinu- Sino" if we are asking a question with 2 or more persons involve.
    Though in English you don't repeat the word "Who".


    Example:
    "Sinu- sino sila?" we sometimes use this question . Nowadays we can use "Sino sila? " regardless of whatever rule is behind it.

    Answer:
    Sila sina Karen, Joe, at Peter.
    They are Karen, Joe, and Peter.

    NOTE: Professional corrections are very welcome.

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