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character ㅅ and ㄹ

Some times character ㅅ If the last word be T → ㅌ but some times be s→ㅅ like word 했어요
I can't tell the difference!!!!!!
And also in character ㄹ some times be L or R ...

when can i know it ?!
if be R or L ...

sorry 4 bad examples!!


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  • Jan 18, 2013
  • 2 corrections


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    Here is a thing.

    1. The final consonant 'ㅅ'('ㅆ')

    1.1. 'ㅅ' + a vowel ☞ 'ㅅ'/s/ sound shifted to the vowel




    ㅆ + o = x + ㅆ, 해써요/hae-sseo-yo/, 어 ☞ 써

    1.2 'ㅅ' + a consonant ☞ 'ㅅ' sound makes the consonant stronger



    ㅆ + ㄷ = /ㄷ/ + ㄸ, 핻따/hat-tta/,


    2. 'ㄹ' sound

    2.1. words or syllables end with the final consonant 'ㄹ' ☞ sounds like /l/

    글/geul/, 일요일/i-ryo-il/

    2.2. 'ㄹ' + a vowel ☞ sounds like /r/

    라디오 ☞ ㄹ+ㅏ(vowel) ☞/ra/

    2.3. 'ㄹ' + 'ㄹ' ☞ sounds like /l/

    걸리다 ☞ 'ㄹ' in 걸 + 'ㄹ' in 리 ☞ /geol li da/


    You don't need to memorize all of the rules because when you pronounce each syllable exactly and make it fast enough, all are yours.^^'


    I will explain ㅅ or ㅆ as in 받침.


    1. When 받침 ㅅ or ㅆ meets ㄷ (잇다/있다), you pronounce it as [읻따]. You do NOT prounce it as [읻타], which is close to a T sound. When I say it really fast though, I say it close to [이따].


    i.e. 웃다 (to smile) --> [욷따]

         씻다 (to wash) --> [씯따]

         있다 (to exist) --> [읻따]

         갔다 (went)    --> [갇따]


    2. When 받침 ㅆ meets ㅇ (있어), then you pronounce it as [읻써], which is close to an S sound as in Sunny. Again, when I say it fast, I pronounce it as [이써].


    i.e. 있어요 (there is) --> [읻써요]

         했어요 (did)       --> [핻써요]


    This youtube video shows you how to prounce double consonants:






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