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Korean Pronunciation


1. Consonants such as ㄷ, ㅌ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅅ and ㅆ are pronounced as an unreleased ㄷ in the syllable final position. Consonants such as ㄱ, ㄲ and ㅋ are pronounced as an unreleased ㄱ in the syllable final position. Consonants such as ㅂ and ㅍ are pronounced as an unreleased ㅂ in the same position.
밭[받] field 빛[빋] light 부엌[부억] kitchen 앞[압] front

2. When followed by a vowel, the syllable final consonant is pronounced in the initial position of the following vowel.
한국어[한구거] the Korean language 묻어[무더] to stain
직업[지겁] occupation 월요일[워료일] Monday

3. The consonants ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, ㅅ and ㅈ become the tense consonants ㄲ, ㄸ, ㅃ, ㅆ and ㅉ when followed by any consonants except ㄴ, ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅇ and ㅎ.
학교[하꾜] school 닫다[다따] to close
맛보다[맏뽀다] to taste 젖다[젇따] get wet

4. When the sounds ㄱ, ㄷ and ㅂ are followed by the nasal sounds ㅁ, ㄴ and o, they assimilate to the following nasal.
낱말[난말] words 작년[장년] last year

5. The syllable final consonants ㄷ and ㅌ are pronounced as ㅈ or ㅊ when followed by the vowel, 이.
맏이[마지] first son(daughter) 같이[가치] together

6. ㄴ is pronounced as ㄹ before or after ㄹ.
달나라[달라라] moon land

7. The consonants are aspirated after the sound, ㅎ.
좋다[조타] to be good 많다[만타] many




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