"May I know your name please?"- How should I ask this in Chinese?
In very formal and honorific way, 請問高姓大名 Please may I ask your high (august) last name and great (first) name. This is usually asked of strangers. Another less formal and less honorific way is 請問您姓什名誰 (May I ask for your last and first names?) This doesn't have to apply just to only elders.
The case of a child asking his elder's real name (In Chinese, a child learns by the rank and number of their elders. It is considered rude to ask for their real names). However, for purposes of identification, a child can ask informally. For example, 爸爸叫什么 (what is father called) will suffice.
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