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Russian lesson №5. Russia, Kamchatka.

 

How many. Numerals' endings.
1 – один (masc.), одна (fem.), одно (middle gender)
2 – два (masc.&mid.), две (fem.)
3-20 always has 1 form (look in dictionary) no matter of gender
21, 31... - the rule for "1"
22, 32... - the rule for "2"
23-30, 33-40... - the rule for "3"

Nouns' endings.
Feminine nouns: 1, 21, 31... - машина; дверь.
2-4, 22-24, 32-34... - машина-'a'=машин+'ы'=машины;
дверь-'ь'=двер+'и'=двери
5-20, 25-30, 35-40... - машина-'а'=машин; дверь-'ь'=двер+'ей'=дверей.
Masculine nouns: 1, 21, 31... - дом
2-4, 22-24, 32-34... - дом+'a'=дома
5-20, 25-30, 35-40... - дом+'ов'=домов
Middle gender nouns:1, 21, 31... - здание; дерево
2-4, 22-24, 32-34... - здание-'е'=здани+'я'=здания;
дерево-'о'=дерев+'а'=дерева
5-20, 25-30, 35-40.. - здание=>зданий;
дерево-'о'=дерев+'ьев'=деревьев

Russia, Kamchatka, lava flow.

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