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Task: Rewrite the folowing sentences in the past tense, then translate them.

1. Arun apne bade bhai Prakash ke saath rahta hai; wahe kitaabe likhta hai.
- Arun apne bade bhai Prakash ke saath rahta tha; wahe kitaabe likhta (tha).
- Arun used to stay with his big brother Prakash; he used to write books.

2. Khanna Sahib kahte hain ki unke daftar me darjanon log hain lekin koi thik se kaam nahi karta hai.
- Khanna Sahib kahte the ki unke daftar me darjanon log the lekin koi thik se kaam nahi karte the.
- Khanna Shib said that in his iffice there were a dozen people, but nobody worked properly.

3. Dadi ji nahi jaanti hain ki unke pitaji kis (may they meant "kisi"?) kalej me parhate the.
- Dadi ji nahi jaanti thin ki unke pitaji kis kalej me parhate the.
- Grandmother didn't know that her dad used to teach in some college.

4. Adhyapak ji kahte hain ki "koi" aur "kuch" ka fark samajhana bahut zaruri hai.
- Adhyapak ji kahte the ki "koi" aur "kuch" ka fark samajhana bahut zaruri hai.
- Teacher said that to understand the difference of "some" and "any" is very necessary.

5. Cchatr apne adhyapak se hazaron mushikal savaal pucchta hai.
- Cchatr apne adhyapak se hazaron mushikal savaal pucchta tha.
- Student asked his teacher thousand difficult questions.

6. Kya kisi ko malum hai ki Sangita ka dost Suhas kahan rahta hai?
- Kya kisi ko malum tha ki Sangita ka dost Suhas kahan rahta tha?
- Did somebody (anybody?) know where did Sangita's friend Suhas live?

7. Kisko malum hai ki Rishi aur Raj ki umr me kitna fark hai?
- Kisiko malum tha ki Rishi aur Raj ki umr me kitna fark tha?
- Did somebody (anybody?) know how much was the age diffrence of Rishi and Raj?

8. Dadi ji sochti hain ki hindustan savrg ke saman hai. Ve apne bachpan ke sapne bahut dekhti hai.
- Dadi ji sochti thin ki hindustan svarg ke saman tha. Ve apne bachpan ke sapne bahut dekhti thi.
- Grandmother thought that India was equel to the paradise. She used to dream a lot in her childhood.

9. Malum hota hai ki Pratap abhi dilli me nahi hai. Shayad apne pitaji ke yahan hai.
- Malum hota tha ki Pratap dilli me nahi tha. Shayad apne pitaji ke yahan tha.
- It was known that Pratap was not in Delhi . Probably (he was) in his dad's place.

10. Kuch vidyarthiyon ke khayal me aathvan aur dasvan saval sabse mushikal hain.
- Kuch vidyarthiyon ke khayal me aathvan aur dasvan saval sabse mushical the.
- In some students' khayal? eighth and tenth question were the most difficult.

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    Corrections

    Task: Rewrite the folowing sentences in the past tense, then translate them.

    1. Arun apne bade bhai Prakash ke saath rahta hai; wahe (वह) kitaabe likhta hai.
    - Arun apne bade bhai Prakash ke saath rahta tha; wahe kitaabe likhta (tha).
    - Arun used to stay with his big brother Prakash; he used to write books.

    2. Khanna Sahib kahte hain ki unke daftar me darjanon log hain lekin koi thik se kaam nahi karta hai.
    - Khanna Sahib kahte the ki unke daftar me darjanon log the lekin koi thik se kaam nahi karte karta the tha.
    - Khanna Shib said that in his iffice there were a dozen people, but nobody worked properly.

    3. Dadi ji nahi jaanti hain ki unke pitaji kis (means 'which') kalej me parhate the.
    - Dadi ji nahi jaanti thi ki unke pitaji kis kalej me parhate the.
    - Grandmother didn't know that her dad used to teach in some college.

    4. Adhyapak ji kahte hain ki "koi" aur "kuch" ka fark samajhana bahut zaruri hai.
    - Adhyapak ji kahte the ki "koi" aur "kuch" ka fark samajhana bahut zaruri hai.
    - Teacher said that to understand the difference of "some" and "any" is very necessary.

    5. Cchatr apne adhyapak se hazaron mushikal savaal pucchta hai.
    - Cchatr apne adhyapak se hazaron mushikal savaal pucchta tha.
    - Student asked his teacher thousand difficult questions.

    6. Kya kisi ko malum hai ki Sangita ka dost Suhas kahan rahta hai?
    - Kya kisi ko malum tha ki Sangita ka dost Suhas kahan rahta tha?
    - Did somebody (anybody?) know where did Sangita's friend Suhas live?

    7. Kisko malum hai ki Rishi aur Raj ki umr me kitna fark hai?
    - Kisiko malum tha ki Rishi aur Raj ki umr me kitna fark tha?
    - Did somebody (anybody?) know how much was the age diffrence of Rishi and Raj?

    8. Dadi ji sochti hain ki hindustan savrg ke saman hai. Ve apne bachpan ke main bahut sapne  dekhti hai.
    - Dadi ji sochti thin ki hindustan svarg ke saman tha. Ve apne bachpan ke main bahut sapne dekhti thi.
    - Grandmother thought that India was equel to the paradise. She used to dream a lot in her childhood.

    9. Malum hota hai ki Pratap abhi dilli me nahi hai. Shayad apne pitaji ke yahan hai.
    - Malum hota tha ki Pratap dilli me nahi tha. Shayad apne pitaji ke yahan tha.
    - It was known that Pratap was not in Delhi . Probably (he was) in his dad's place.

    10. Kuch vidyarthiyon ke khayal me aathva aur dasva saval sabse mushikal hain.
    - Kuch vidyarthiyon ke khayal me aathva aur dasva saval sabse mushical the.
    - In some students' khayal? eighth and tenth question were the most difficult.

     

    Well done!!! Almost error free notebook entry!!!

    Task: Rewrite the folowing sentences in the past tense, then translate them.

    1. Arun apne bade bhai Prakash ke saath rahta hai; wahe kitaabe likhta hai.
    - Arun apne bade bhai Prakash ke saath rahta tha; wahe kitaabe likhta (tha).
    - Arun used to stay with his big brother Prakash; he used to write books.

    2. Khanna Sahib kahte hain ki unke daftar me darjanon log hain lekin koi thik se kaam nahi karta hai.
    - Khanna Sahib kahte the ki unke daftar me darjanon log the lekin koi thik se kaam nahi karta tha. (note 'karta hai')
    - Khanna Shib said that in his iffice there were a dozen people, but nobody worked properly.

    3. Dadi ji nahi jaanti hain ki unke pitaji kis (may they meant "kisi"?) kalej me parhate the.
    - Dadi ji nahi jaanti thin ki unke pitaji kis kalej me parhate the.
    - Grandmother didn't know that her dad used to teach(पढ़ाते )/ study(पढ़ते ) in some which college.

    if it were 'kisi' then 'some' was the right word.

    4. Adhyapak ji kahte hain ki "koi" aur "kuch" ka fark samajhana bahut zaruri hai.
    - Adhyapak ji kahte the ki "koi" aur "kuch" ka fark samajhana bahut zaruri hai.
    - Teacher said that to understand the difference of "some" and "any" is very necessary.

    5. Cchatr apne adhyapak se hazaron mushikal savaal pucchta hai.
    - Cchatr apne adhyapak se hazaron mushikal savaal pucchta tha.
    - Student used to ask his teacher thousand difficult questions.

    6. Kya kisi ko malum hai ki Sangita ka dost Suhas kahan rahta hai?
    - Kya kisi ko malum tha ki Sangita ka dost Suhas kahan rahta tha?
    - Did somebody (anybody?) know where did Sangita's friend Suhas live?

    7. Kisko malum hai ki Rishi aur Raj ki umr me kitna fark hai?
    - (kya) Kisiko malum tha ki Rishi aur Raj ki umr me kitna fark tha?
    - Did somebody (anybody?) know how much was the age diffrence of Rishi and Raj?

    8. Dadi ji sochti hain ki hindustan savrg ke saman hai. Ve apne bachpan ke sapne bahut dekhti hai.
    - Dadi ji sochti thin ki hindustan svarg ke saman tha. Ve apne bachpan ke sapne bahut dekhti thi.
    - Grandmother thought that India was equal to the paradise. She used to dream a lot of her childhood.

    9. Malum hota hai ki Pratap abhi dilli me nahi hai. Shayad apne pitaji ke yahan hai.
    - Malum hota tha ki Pratap dilli me nahi tha. Shayad apne pitaji ke yahan tha.
    - It was known that Pratap was not in Delhi . Probably (he was) in his dad's place.

    10. Kuch vidyarthiyon ke khayal me aathvan aur dasvan saval sabse mushkil hain.
    - Kuch vidyarthiyon ke khayal me aathvan aur dasvan saval sabse mushical mushkil the.
    - In some students' khayal? eighth and tenth question were the most difficult.

    khayal is thought, 'according to some students'.

     

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