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First Lesson with a Teacher.
Today I learned the 5 vowels in Vietnamese. 1.A (ah) (BA = FATHER) MA LA CA TA SA RA HA VA LA BAN LAN TAN CAN SAN HAN NAN MAN VAN LAN HAN 2.O (aw) CO LO TO SO MO HO NO RO VO LO BO NO RO CO XO SO RO CON LON TON SON HON NON RON MON VON GON 3.E (ay) BE LE TE XE HE NE ME VE RE HE GE LE 4. U ( as in BLUE) BU NU CU XU TU HU LU XU VU BU TU I (as in PINK ) BI NI LI TI SI HI VI NI BI LI TI DI MI Next I learned the different tones derived from each vowel and compared them to no accent/mark. A 1. Â : ( AA = Â ) LAM LAM LAM LAM LAM LAM LÂM MÂM CÂM TÂM SÂM HÂM NÂM RÂM VÂM 2. Ă ( AW = Ă ) LAM LAM LAM LAM LAM LAM LÂM LÂM LÂM LÂM LÂM LÂM LÂM LÂM LĂM LĂM LĂM LĂM NĂM SĂM CĂM O 1. Ô ( OO = Ô ) O O O O O O O Ô Ô Ô Ô Ô Ô Ô 2. Ơ ( OW =Ơ) O O O O O O O O O O O O O ( GIRL) Ơ Ơ Ơ Ơ Ơ Ơ Ơ Ơ Ơ E 1. Ê ( EE = Ê ) E E E E E E E E E E Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê Ê U 1. Ư ( UW) U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư Ư I : NO DERIVED FORM FIVE VOWELS, ABOUT 7 EXTRA FORMS OF VOWLES SIX ACCENTS 1. NORMAL HIGH ACCENT , NO MARK ON VOWEL BA BA BA 2. rising up accent: BÁ BÁ BÁ 3. GOING DOWN ACCENT ( FALLING ACCENT) BÀ BÀ BÀ BA = FATHER, BÀ = GRANDMOTHER , BÁ = UNCLE <I think "bá" is not popular, it's chinese-vietnamese word, and "bác" is more formal>
-you call him "bác" if he's older than your father/mother (ba/má) and "chú" if ( ex: bác đi đâu vậy? where are you going?)
-you call her " bác/cô" if she's older than your ba/má and inverstly and vice versa, you call "cô"
( cô đang làm gì vậy? what are you doing?)
-someone who is the same age with you, or more or less a little---> call "bạn" (or " cậu" is ok)
-the girl that's older than you, ex: you're 20 and she's 21,25,30---> call "chị"
-the boy that's older than you-----------------------------------> call " anh"
-the boy or girl that's younger than you -------------------------> call "em"
- your father/mother-----> you call "ba/má" it's like you say dad/mom in english
-your grandfather/mother-----> "ông/bà"
*And remember, when you say, all these words are the same as "you" in english
Ok, some example:
+ ba đi đâu vậy?/ má đi đâu vậy?/bạn đi đâu vậy/chị đi đâu vậy... = where are you going?
+ ba/má/anh/chị/em/ông/bà/bạn đang ăn gì vậy? = what are you eating?
++ my father/my momther/my friend= ba của tôi/má của tôi/bạn của tôi
ba của tôi thì rất đẹp trai = my father is very handsome :D
Okie, see u soon/gặp bạn sau!
4. LOW FALLING - RISING ACCENT ( TIDLE ) BẢ BẢ BẢ BẢ BẢ BẢ BẢ BẢ BẢ ( WAVE ) 5. HIGH FALLING-RISING ACCENT ( WAVE ) -I believe he said this accent isn't used in the south? BÃ BÃ BÃ BÃ BÃ BÃ BÃ BÃ BÃ BÃ BÃ BÃ 6. DROP ACCENT BẠ Next we began conversation. This is what I remember without looking back at the book. Chào. Tên tôi/mình=my name là Kelli. Bạn tên là gì?
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