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What does "reins" mean?

In the Bible (King James Version), Jeremiah 17:10:
"I the Lord search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man
according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings."

But in the Bible translated to Portuguese "reins" are called "rins" (kidneys).
In Latin the Bible has "renes" (kidneys), but I searched and no dictionary ascribe this meaning (kidneys) to "reins", even the Oxford Dictionary:

Does somebody have a dictionary that attributes this meaning to "reins"?

For learning: English
Base language: English
Category: Language


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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    I have looked up some bible study groups' interpretations of this extract online and here's another way of explaining it:
    I, the Lord, search the heart; I test inner motivations; in order to give to everyone what his actions and conduct deserve."

    Would anyone else agree that "trying the reins" is a test of self-control?

    Reins are straps used to control a horse's head.

    That's my best guess.

    The bible is kind of confusing to read sometimes. That's why I don't own one.


    "Reins" is the French word for kidneys. Someone got confused - to the point that I even found a silly explanation of how "kidneys" is correct.

    More modern versions translate the phrase as "examine/test the mind", though chpr's definition of reins is also in the literal translation.

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