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How to use: "けど", "でも" and "~が、" ?

Hello, I only knew the "でも" to write "but", but a guy corrected a text that I wrote, saying that I should to use "~が、" in some locations in a continuous phrases(I don't know if I'm saying it correctly xD), and today I see in a Anime a guy saying "けど".
Then it is my question: How and where I should to use theses?

For learning: Japanese
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    There are many Japanese which mean 'but'.
    For example, けど、が、でも、しかし、ところが...  
    (cf. http://www.weblio.jp/parts-of-speech/%E6%8E%A5%E7%B6%9A%E8%A9%9E(%E9%80%86%E6%8E%A5)_1)
    About your question,

    ●「が」 means 'but', we use to connect two sentences.
    明日は雨だが、ピクニックにいく。
    (It will rain tomorrow, but we will go to a picnic)

    ●「しかし」 also means 'but', we use it the beginning of sentence.
    明日は雨だ。しかし、ピクニックに行く。
    (It will rain tomorrow. But we will go to a picnic)

    ●「けど」 is slang, the word comes from 「けれど」
    and we can use 「けれど」 as the same meaning as が and しかし

    明日は雨だけれど、ピクニックに行く。
    明日は雨だ。けれど、ピクニックに行く。

    ●「でも」 means 'even if' as Mr.Eliot said.
    明日は雨でも、ピクニックに行く。
    (Even if it rains tomorrow, we will go to a picnic.)

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