Site Feedback

Resolved questions
Direct vs. Indirect

 

What is the difference in meaning between these two sentences?

Én eszik a gulyast. (direct)

Én eszem a gulyast. (indirect)

Köszönöm!

For learning: Hungarian
Base language: Hungarian
Category: Language

Share:

0 comments

    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.

     

    Answers

    Sort by:

    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    Your sentences would be as follow correct:
    - (Én) eszek (valamit) = I eat something. – indefinite conjugation
    - (Én) eszem a gulyást. = I eat the "gulyás". – definite conjugation

    Every Hungarian verbs can have 2 conjugation-forms (excluding the intransitive verbs, for example jönni = to come, menni = to go):
    1. indefinite conjugation (= alanyi ragozás):
    this one shows the number and the person of the subjective
    Én eszek = I am eating. – who does eat? only this is important. I can’t say with these sentence exactly,what I eat (valamit = something, an apple = egy almát, but I did’t say, which one)
    2. definite conjugation ( = tárgyas ragozás)
    in this case we have a definite object. It means, I know exactly, what I speak about.
    Én eszem a gulyást – what do I eat? the „gulyás” – I know exactly, which „gulyás” I eat
    Be careful! Én egy gulyást eszek. = I am eating a „gulyás”.– in this case I didn’t say, which one I eat. It is simple a „gulyás”. (indefinite conjugation)

    It is not official but we learned it in the school as follow:
    - indefinite conjugation ( = alanyi ragozás) – if you can say „valamit” with the verb (something)
    / I see something. = (Én) Látok valamit./
    - definite conjugation (= tárgyas ragozás) – if you can say „azt” with the verb (that in accusative)
    /I see that . (the dog / the door) = (Én) Látom azt. (a kutyát, az ajtót)/

    Read more here (Point 5):
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungarian_verbs#Definite_and_indefinite_conjugations

    Submit your answer


    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.

    If you copy this answer from another italki answer page, please state the URL of where you got your answer from.

     

    More open questions for learning Hungarian