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is anybody can explain me please the meaning of the word "sig" in swedish?

For learning: Swedish
Base language: English
Category: Language



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    oneself / itself / herself / himself / themselves.

    "Han kan raka sig själv" = "He can shave himself".

    "Själv" is often dropped though.

    It's only used in third person. So, "I can do it myself" becomes "Jag kan göra det själv".

    "myself" is "mig själv"
    "yourself" is "dig själv"

    But you only add sig/mig/dig before "själv" IF the subject also is the object.

    "Du kan göra det själv!" = "You can do it yourself". Here the subject is not the object.

    "Du kan göra det till dig själv" = "You can do it to yourself" Here the subject is also the object.


    But there are also special cases:

    hon hade inga pengar på sig = she hadn't any money on (about) her

    han tvättade sig om händerna = he washed his hands

    föreställa sig = imagine, fancy

    känna sig trött = feel tired

    lära sig = learn (this is common error on itaki "jag lär svenska" instead of "jag lär mig svenska")

    skrynkla sig = crease, get creased

    gå hem till sig = go home
    gå in till sig in på sitt rum = go into one's room;

    var för sig ... = one by one, ...separately, ...individually;
    ett släkte för sig = a race apart;
    en typ för sig = a peculiar type

    rädd (vidskeplig) av sig = [inclined to be] timid (superstitious)

    gråta sig till ngt = get sth by crying
    gråta sig till sömns = cry oneself to sleep

    han gick sig trött = he walked till he got tired

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