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how do we decide when to use "ssa" or "lla" in finnish?

For learning: Finnish
Base language: English
Category: Other

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    If you mean that the subject is "in/inside something" then you use -ssa/-ssä.
    If you mean that the subject is "on something" then you use -lla/-llä.

    For example.
    A book is on a table. - Kirja on pöydällä (pöyta - a table).
    Now I am in Finland. - Nyt minä olen Suomessa.

    Though this rule has its exceptions (e.g. some geographical objects require usage of external locative cases - Venäjä [Russia], Tampere [a city in Finland], all the names that end with -järvi, -mäki, etc.).

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