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when do i use これ vs この

Can someone explain to me when i use これ/それ/あれ or この/その/あの
I don't really understand when i need to use which one. Is there a easy explanation?

For learning: Japanese
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    この/その/あの - are demonstrative determiners. Thus, they affect the noun the are referred to.
    これ/それ/あれ - are demonstrative pronouns (derived from the above).

    -この /kono/ + noun "this *"→ indicates an object that is near the speaker. ex. この犬 = "this dog (over here)"
    これ [pronominal function] "this one" → indicates an object, action, topic, that has been mentioned before or is to a degree already known by/near the speaker. ex. これが欲しい = "I want this one (here)"
    ここ [adverbial function] "here (near me)" ex. ここへ来て "come here" (informal)

    -その /sono/ + noun "that *" → indicates an object that is near the listener . ex. その犬 = "that dog (over there)"
    それ [pronominal function] "that one" → indicates an object, action, topic, that has been mentioned before or is to a degree already known by/near the listener. ex. それが欲しい = "I want that one (near you)"
    そこ [adverbial function] "there (near yourself)" ex そこへ行く = "I come there" (informal)

    -あの /ano/ + noun "yon *" → indicates an object that is distant from both the speaker and the listener . ex. あの犬 = "yon dog (yonder)/ that dog (distant from both of us in terms of space/time)"
    あれ [pronominal function] "yon" → indicates an object, action, topic, that has been mentioned before or is to a degree already known by/distant from both the speaker and the listener. ex. あれが欲しい = "I want yon one (distant from us)"
    あすこ [adverbial function] "yonder" ex. あすこへ行こう = "let´s go yonder" (informal)

    Also, there is a formal construction which uses the same system of the above:

    *こちら-(particle) = formal construction, litterally meaning "this way" →
    a.こちらの [determiner] ex. こちらの犬. = "this dog over here"
    b. こちら+partilcle [pronoun] ex. こちらが欲しいです = "I would like this one over here"
    c. こちらへ [adverb] ex. こちらへ来てください = "please come over here"

    *そちら-(particle) = formal construction, litterally meaning "this way" → 
    a. そちらの [determiner] ex. そちらの犬. = "that dog over there"
    b. そちらの+partilcle [pronoun] ex. そちらが欲しいです = "I would like that one over there"
    c. そちらへ [adverb] ex. そちらへ行きます = "I go over there"

    *あちら-(particle) = formal construction, litterally meaning "this way" → 
    a. あちらの [determiner] ex. あちらの犬. = "yon dog (yonder)"
    b. あちら+partilcle [pronoun] ex. あちらが欲しいです = "I would like yon one (yonder)"
    c. あちらへ [adverb] ex. あちらへ行きましょう = "let us go yonder"

    これ/それ/あれ are used as the subject of a sentence.
    この/その/あの are used to modify a noun.

    この/その/あの are used on their own, without any particles. これ/それ/あれ are generally used with particles.

    Example:
    これは面白い本です。
    この本は面白いです。

    So in the first sentence これ is the subject, but in the second sentence 本 is the subject and この is a pronoun used for emphasis.

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