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When there are two or more consonants in one syllable, what is the rule for pronouncing it?

For example:
ไกล
Why is the ล pronunced before the ไ and not after it? Why is it "glai" and not "gain"?

For learning: Thai
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by Voting
    For one syllable one consonant
    ไ- = -ai , ไ + consonant be pronounced as consonant + ai
    ไม = m+ai = mai
    ไร = r+ai = rai
    ไข่ = k+ai = kai

    for more than one consonant is diphthong.
    konsonant + ร/ล/ว are diphthong
    ex. ไหว - wai (rising tone)
    ใคร - krai (mid tone)
    ไหล - Lai (rising tone)
    ไสว - sa-wai Note! สว be pronounced as two syllables

     

    ไ- is one of 32 vowels in Thai language. The rule of this vowel is ไ + consonant
    ex. ไ+กล = ไกล = Glai , ไ+ป = ไป = Bpai.
    if any consonant/syllable come before ไ- you have to pronounce it first before ไ-
    ex. อะไร = A-rai, สไบ = Sa-bai

     

    there are only 3 alphabets that can be made into double consonant, ร, ล, ว. They have to come after other alphabet and you pronounce both alphabets. for example, ไกล is the vowel ไ- (ai) plus the consonant ก and ล. ก(gor=g) + ล(lor=l) so they become กล(gl) --> ไกล glai. Basically you just kinda say both consonant all at once and apply the same rule as usual

    שלים עברים
    shalom averim , mashalamkha?

    firstly all of above answered are all correct indeed.
    i have nothing to add more:

    but as i also interested in arabic and hebrew, i found they are some certain alike to thai language,
    especially the term of many consenant together without the need of the vowels.

    ex:
    จรวด ตลก กรม ทรวง กรกต..............
    none of these words appear the vowels but indeed there are vowels that had consist in consenant itself, just like in hebrew and arabic.
    indeed: there are numbers of these kind of words in thai.
    จรวด read as: ja-ruad
    ตลก read as : Ta-lod
    กรม read as : grom (all together in one sylable)
    ทรวง read as: swang (all tother in one sylable)
    กรกต read as : go-ra-god

    ex:
    แถลง read as : Tha-laeng not Thae-long
    เฉลิม read as : cha-lerm not chae-lim


    Just like the word ไกล that you are puzzle with.
    indeed, sometime we the thai also just get used to in, and not really try to think why.

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