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What's the difference between: 他复习汉语复习得认真。 他认真地复习。

What's the difference between:

For learning: Chinese (Mandarin)
Base language: Chinese (Mandarin)
Category: Language


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    A. 今天上午他很快地吃完了饭 // B. 今天上午他饭吃得很快
    The main difference between these two constructions is that the adverbs in 地 construction describe the MANNER, MOOD or METHOD in which the actions are carried out; but the adverbs in the 得 construction are the DEGREE or RESULT of the actions and sometimes they can refer to the objects of sentences, e.g., 他吃饭吃得很多 the adverb 很多 refers to 饭. The emphasis in the (地) sentence "A" is very much on how he ate the meal. In other words, the stress is on his MANNER of eating the meal(action), but the result of that might not be necessarily very fast. The "B", (得) sentence implies that he only took very little time to finish the meal.

    So, in your sentences:
    The degree in which he reviewed was sincere/serious/studious. As a WHOLE, his reviewing may have been sincere. But maybe he took 5 years to do it and during that 5 years, he didn't 认真地复习汉语. The result of reviewing is sincere and hardworking-like.
    There is no result here, just saying his manner, method, or mood of studying is serious/sincere.

    Actually Both of these sentences have the same meaning. But there is still a slight difference if we want to find out.The sentence '他复习汉语复习得认真' emphasizes further '认真' on '他复习汉语', while '他认真地复习(汉语)' just describes the state or process of reviewing Chinese.


    To start off, I want to state, I am not a native Chinese speaker. Anyone can correct me if I'm wrong, but: Case 1 "他复习汉语复习得认真。" - This is more of a generalization about that person's ability/skill. For example, in English we would say, "He is a student that studies really hard". Case 2 他认真地复习。- In this case 认真 is acting as an adverb to 复习 to describe a single event in the past. I.E - Last weekend, he studied for the exam really hard! Does not necessarily imply this is habitual, just something that person did once. I am not sure if you can use Case 2 to describe habitual events (I feel that you should use Case 1), but I am pretty sure you cannot use Case 1 to describe single-time events. For example, 他说中文说得很好 - a generalized sentence describing the Chinese ability of someone. 得 should be used in this kind of context. Hope that helps!

    NO difference!!! Trust me!! I am Chinese!!!!



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