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区别是什么? 落伍/过时 和 表示/表达

 

落伍和过时有什么区别? 一样吗? 比如,我的父母没有电子邮箱,可不可以说:他们很落伍?那,他们很过时?比如我的朋友有一个很旧的手机。可不可以说:哎呀,你的手机太过时了!或者用”落伍“吗? 哪些更好?

表示和表达有什么区别? 比如,一个人很冷酷。可不可以说: 他对别的人从来不表示同情。可不可以用”表达“?

谢谢!

For learning: Chinese (Mandarin)
Base language: Chinese (Mandarin)
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    First, the difference between “表示” and “表达”:

    Generally speaking, when translated as “express”, “表示” is more objective than “表达”.

    “表示” does not have personal feelings or emotions, but “表达” is used specifically referring to people’s feelings.

    Eg.

    他对别的人从来不表示同情。

    You cannot really use “表达” in this sentence, because it is a third party view saying that he does not show sympathy to others. However, you can use “表达” in this way:

    他表达了深切的同情。(He expressed deep sympathy.)

    In this sentence, “表达” is used directly after “him” to refer to his feeling. Thus, using “表示” in this sentence would be inappropriate.

    Also, “表示” can mean other meanings except of “express”, for instance, it can mean “show”:

    他手舞足蹈,表示他很高兴。(He is dancing, which shows/means he is very happy.)

    You can see “表示” is used in a very objective way stating that “he is happy”, and you would not use "表达" in this sentence.

    (There is only one exception that you can use "表示" with emotion, and that is "appreciation/ thanks". eg. 他表示感谢/ 感激。He said thanks. / He appreciated it.)

    Second, “落伍” and “过时”

    “落伍”s subject is more likely people, while “过时”s subject is more likely objects. Occasionally, you may use “落伍” for subjects, but you can never use “过时” for people.

    没有电子邮箱,可以说很落伍。。但我觉得说过时,语气有点重了。。我粗浅的理解,形容人的话,落伍只是说没有跟上大部队,但还可以再跟上。。过时,,就彻底跟不上了。。过时,一般说什么东西现在已经不再用了,或者很老套。比如说BP机 现在就过时了,,还可以说某人的方法过时了。
    第二句,只能用表示。。。 表达同情,挺别扭的。不合我们的习惯。

    落伍的对象主要是人,过时一般是指物
    但是混着说问题也不大

    第二个 他对别的人从来不表示同情 这个是对的
    这里用表达不大合适 表达+内容 ,这里一般就是普通的东西,不带感情色彩;
    表示 后面的宾语(object)多少会带有一些感情,比如 表示感谢,感激

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