Site Feedback

Resolved questions
아무...나 vs. question word + -(이)나

 

There seem to be a lot of ways to say "anywhere", "everywhere", "anyone", etc. What are the differences in meaning and usage?

I've seen use of 아무: 아무나, 아무거나, 아무데나, etc. And I have an online grammar dictionary that says you can append -(이)나 to any question word: 어디나, 누구나, 언제나.

아무데나 좋아요.
Anywhere is good.

도마뱀은 어디에나 있어.
There are lizards everywhere.

Definitions of both variations suggest they can mean any- or every-.

Additionally, I'm curious about attaching -에 first and then -나 in the above 어디에나. Can it be 어디나에? Is -에 needed to suggest "There are lizards AT everywhere (every place)"?

For learning: Korean
Base language: English
Category: Language

Share:

0 comments

    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.

     

    Answers

    Sort by:

    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    Forget to mention the difference between them.

    아무+st is generally used to describe negative aspects of the feature whereas 누구/어디/언제/etc+나 are not.

    달리기는 누구나 할 수 있지만(positive sentencing) 아무나 할 수는 없다(negative sentencing).
    사랑은 누구나 한다. (positive sentencing)
    사랑은 아무나 하나? (negative questioning)
    도마뱀은 어디에나 있어.
    도마뱀은 아무데나 있지는 않아.

    어디에나 : 어디에 + 나 (at place + every/any = at every/any place)
    누구에게나 : 누구에게 + 나 (to ppl + every/any = to evey/anyone)
    누구나 : 누구 + 나 (subject ppl + every/any = every/anyone)

    It's basically the problem of understanding -나 in Korean. :D

    Submit your answer


    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.

    If you copy this answer from another italki answer page, please state the URL of where you got your answer from.