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In Mandarin Chinese, when do use the word/character 过?

I have seen this character as I have been reading around in Chinese. I know it indicates some sort of past tense but I am not sure when to use it.

For learning: Chinese (Mandarin)
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    过 guo4

    1. verb. means pass. ie:
    a.时间过得很快。 Time passes fast.
    b.过生日。 Celebrate birthday.
    2. particle for a main verb in a word. ie:
    a.走过 pass over,
    b.穿过cross over,
    c.经过 experience/ pass a building on your way.
    3. Completion Tense. Means the action has been completed. ie:
    a. 我去过泰国。I have been to Thailand.
    b. 我看过这部电影。 I have seen this moive.
    4. Noun. Most of the time, 过 will combine with other character to become a word.
    a. 过失 mistake
    b. 过分 overly,beyond measure
    c. 过剩, too much/many

    You may feel most of the time, this character will connect with some thing beyond the limit or has been done (beyond the time/experience)

    If you are interested, I have a 200 hanzi program that explains all about Hanzi,meaning, way of using, conversation,and some history behind it. you can also pick up the hanzi, I will tailor make lesson for you including all above points. Also can combine with business related meeting/speech/ppt in Chinese. Thanks.

    中文不像英文,采用固定的格式来表达时态,中文是用限定时间的实词和表示动作完成的虚词来指明时态的,甚至是用特定的语境来表达时态的。
    比如说“我昨天看了场电影”,这里的“昨天”就是限定时间的实词,“了”就是表示动作完成的虚词。限定时间的词有很多,比如“去年”、“以前”、“曾经”等,表示动作完成的词则有“了”、“过”、“完”等。
    又如,这本书是鲁迅写的,这句话中没有任何指明时态的词,但是我们看了都知道是以前写的,至少也是1936年以前。
    所以说汉语不是用固定的格式来表达时态,要么用特定意思的词来指明,要么用语境来表达,只要意思正确,不会存在语法错误。

    after the verb as the indication of result

    as a main word as crossing smth, passing smth or celebration smth

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