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From singular to plural substantives words in German...

In German I know that the plural of substantives change at the end of the word, for example: die Lampe-die Lampen in which there is an “n” at the end of the singular word to make it plural; der Tisch-die Tische in which there is an “e” in the plural; but how can I know how would be the end-change or extra letter of singular substantives when make it plural? Is there a rule I can follow to know it? Or should I just memorize it?

For learning: German
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by Voting
    Die meisten Nomen bilden ihre Pluralform mit e(n), aber es lässt sich keine allgemeingültige Regel bestimmen. Also am besten wäre es, sie gleich mitzulernen.
    Hier findet man eine gute Übersicht:
    http://www.mein-deutschbuch.de/lernen.php?menu_id=53

     

    Hello,

    a) In most cases , au changes to äu: der Baum - die Bäume; der Traum /der Raum - die Träume - die Räume

    b) a often changes to a-umlaut: Kamm - Kämme, Mann - Männer, Ball - Bälle

    c) Likewise the letter o often becomes o-umlaut: Lohn-Löhne, Sohn-Söhne, das Loch - die Löcher


    d) The plural ending -er is used with male or neuter nouns: das Haus - Häuser; der Mann - Männer; das Land - Länder

    This should be enough for a start. Some of the forms have just to be learned . Here is a website for further information:

    deutschseite.de

    There are some rules ... and more exceptions (again: some are already mentioned above)
    rule "der"
    "e" at the end of the word and the German Umlaut on the vowel.
    der Baum - die Bäume
    der Schrank - die Schränke

    exception:
    a noun is ending on -el, -en, -er => no change at all
    der Esel - die Esel
    der Hamster - die Hamster
    das Mädchen - die Mädchen

    exception: der Apfel - die Äpfel, der Bruder - die Brüder, der Laden - die Läden, der Vater - die Väter

    and some more exceptions ......

    rule "die"
    noun in plural comes with "en" (except noun is ending on "r" or there already is en "e" at the end)
    die Frau - die Frauen, die Katze - die Katzen
    die Dame - die Damen
    die Schwester - die Schwestern

    nouns ending on -nis: +se
    die Erkenntnis - die Erkenntnisse

    rule "das"
    no change in plural with nouns ending on -el, -en, -er, -chen, -lein

    general guideline: nouns ending on a vowel, add an 's'
    das Radio - die Radios
    das Kino - die Kinos

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