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What is the difference between 垂直 and 竖直?

For learning: Chinese (Mandarin)
Base language: Chinese (Mandarin)
Category: Language

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    竖直向下是垂直于地面(或水平面),而垂直向下是垂直于物体表面无论是什么物体只要是向着物体垂直的都叫垂直向下。竖直向下和垂直向下是两个不同的概念。

    垂直 means things that are vertical, in other words its angle is 90 degrees from the surface it stands or is placed on. But it doesnt have to be upright.

    竖直 means things that are upright, but it doesnt have to be vertical.

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