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what's the difference between 懂and 明白?

could you please answer with examples)

For learning: Chinese (Mandarin)
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Same as understand and "clear on"

    The meaning is almost the same. The only one difference is that sometime we will always use one of the word instead of the other since every body do this too (約定成俗)

    你懂了嗎 = 你明白了嗎
    我終於懂了這個方程式 = 我終於明白了這個方程式
    你懂他嗎 != 你明白他嗎 ( 意思一樣,但通常我們不會這樣用,蠻怪的 )

    The two words has similar meaning, and can be used. But in some cases one word is favoured more than the other. It's almost the same as:
    "Do you COMPREHEND this?" (你懂吗?)compared to "Do you UNDERSTAND this?" (你明白吗?)

    PoLo's example, 你明白他吗 is more correct, as it is: "Do you understand him?" which sounds better to 你懂他吗? "Do you comprehend him?"

    大体上没有什么差别。

    但是,“懂”可以用来表示更深入的那种理解,比如,如果你想说,你理解一个人的内心,可以说“我懂你。”
    如果只是表面上的一般的理解,适合用“明白”。比如:“在文字上,我明白这个句子的意思。”

    明白:1 【形容词】内容清楚,清晰,摆在表面。2【动词】 认为“明白【1】”。
    懂:理解,了解,体会到,认识到。
    一般来说,能理解认识的事物应该是清楚明白的,所以“懂”和“明白”意思很相近。但是人们也有可能“懂”一些并不“清楚”、不“摆在表面”的不“明白”的事情。
    比如“我懂你” 人心微妙,是不容易描述的,但是却能被特定的人理解。

    注意:“明白”可以是形容词。
    “老师说得已经很明白了” 这就不能用“懂”了。

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