Site Feedback

Resolved questions
What is the past perfect structure and its formula in Russian language?


For learning: Russian
Base language: English
Category: Other


1 comment

    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.



    Sort by:

    Best Answer - Chosen by Voting
    We don't have past perfect in our language.
    We express that something had been done before stated time in the past by using a perfective aspect of the verb
    By six o'clock on Sunday I had already learned all the words = К шести часам в воскресенье я УЖЕ ВЫУЧИЛ(что сделал-perfective aspect) все слова.
    When we came to the station the train had already gone= Когда мы приехали на станцию, поезд УЖЕ УШЕЛ(что сделал? - perfective aspect)

    No endings or suffixes are added to verbs in Russian for English Past Perfect case. Gramatically there is only one Past Tense in Russian.
    We say "I met here 10 years ago" but "I had met her before I went to study" in English, but in Russian the verb doesn't change its form in these examples:
    "Я познакомился с ней 10 лет назад", "Я познакомился с ней до того, как пошел учиться".

    Submit your answer

    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.

    If you copy this answer from another italki answer page, please state the URL of where you got your answer from.