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What's the differences between the adjectives with different suffixes, -tive and -able, -ed, -ful?

Such as, respective, respectable, respected, respectful?
Thank you.

For learning: English
Base language: English
Category: Language



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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    Ooh! This is actually an interesting question! First I'll write a sentence using each one, and then I'll try to write out simple explanations for them.

    We went to our respective houses.

    That is a very respectable action.

    He is respected in his community.

    Be respectful to your elders!

    Okay. Now for the explanations. I'm making this, like I just said, very simple. If I went into really detailed grammar rules, I'd probably lose you, and it's best for you to have a natural ear for a language anyway (as opposed to mechanically applying rules to your speech).

    "-ive" refers generally to direct (usually possessive) objects. It's used to distinguish between several objects that are owned by different subjects. Hence, when I say, "We went to our respective houses," what I mean is, "I went to my house, and they went to their house."

    "-able" refers to a noun's capacity for being whatever the adjective defines. It's literally ABLE to be that word. So when I say, "That's a very respectable action," I mean, "Your action is capable of being respected."

    "-ed" refers to a noun's quality. Unlike "-able", where the modified noun is able to be seen as something, "-ed" means that it literally IS something. So when I say, "He is respected in his community," I mean, "He is a man with respect in his community."

    "-ful" refers to how a noun acts. It is literally "full" of whatever verb the adjective is based off of (and is thus interchangeable with that verb). So when I say, "Be respectful to your elders," I am saying, "Respect your elders."

    I can simplify it even more if you are confused; just tell me to do so and I'll try my best.

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