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说本 = ? when can we use this, and a few examples if possible?

 

说本 = ? when can we use this, and a few examples if possible?
(to me it means = said, but i know 本= present/originally.)

also, i am struggling with the unlimited amount of phrases such as
谈得来 = able to get on with/ or talk, but there are so many and to me
its not a logical thing to understand even 想不出。

Is there a list somewhere of these? or does anyone have a easy way of remembering these?
maybe a few examples?

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and stuff like 猜得出 - very difficult to understand when hearing on first instance.
any ideas or simple examples how i can build my knowledge base to understand these straight away?

For learning: Chinese (Mandarin)
Base language: Chinese (Mandarin)
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    as far as i know, there's no such thing called "说本" in daily Chinese. what's the word called in English that you want to know in Chinese?

    phrases like 谈得来 might be a little difficult to understand if you are a beginner. but they are simple, you can just remember them and gradually understand them better with your knowledge of Chinese increasing. i don't know if there's a list for phrases like that.

    if it helps, allow me to try explain it in this way. 谈 means talk, 得 is a character often used after a verb and followed by an adjective, it often means if you are able to do something in the sense of the verb that follows. ---> so you can apply this pattern when you see similar phrases in the future: V得A can literally be interpreted "someone/somebody is able to do(V) sth in the sense of A".

    in your case, 谈(talk,chat)+得+来(come, here it means close. imagine that people "come" together=close) means people get along well when it comes to chating/talking, and that indicates they have similar hobbies or interests.

    猜得出=猜(guess)+得+出(out): 出 is out, here you can imagine something comes out of somewhere so that you can see it, it's not hiding anymore. so in this phrase, 猜得出 means you can guess sth right(out).

    1
    只有 話本 沒有 說本

    話本 :
    宋、元民間說書人所依據的故事底本。用語體寫成,多以歷史故事和當時社會生活為題材。
    如清平山堂話本、全相平話五種等皆是。

    說本 恐係斷句不當的誤會
    荀況之學說本於孔子 (學說: the doctrine 本 : is based on)
    外頭有許多人亂嚷,說本人殺人了 ( 說 : saying that 本人: i myself)
    「虧殺前人在那裡,更休說本性難移。」(說: mention 本: original)

    2
    想不出 想不起 想得出 ......
    看不出 看不起 看得出 ......
    動詞 的 結構助詞 與 補語
    詳見 http://bookstrg.com/ReadStory.asp?Code=YF5829

    你从哪听来的这个词,把整个句子写出来吧。

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