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说本 = ? when can we use this, and a few examples if possible?

 

说本 = ? when can we use this, and a few examples if possible?
(to me it means = said, but i know 本= present/originally.)

also, i am struggling with the unlimited amount of phrases such as
谈得来 = able to get on with/ or talk, but there are so many and to me
its not a logical thing to understand even 想不出。

Is there a list somewhere of these? or does anyone have a easy way of remembering these?
maybe a few examples?

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and stuff like 猜得出 - very difficult to understand when hearing on first instance.
any ideas or simple examples how i can build my knowledge base to understand these straight away?

For learning: Chinese (Mandarin)
Base language: Chinese (Mandarin)
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    as far as i know, there's no such thing called "说本" in daily Chinese. what's the word called in English that you want to know in Chinese?

    phrases like 谈得来 might be a little difficult to understand if you are a beginner. but they are simple, you can just remember them and gradually understand them better with your knowledge of Chinese increasing. i don't know if there's a list for phrases like that.

    if it helps, allow me to try explain it in this way. 谈 means talk, 得 is a character often used after a verb and followed by an adjective, it often means if you are able to do something in the sense of the verb that follows. ---> so you can apply this pattern when you see similar phrases in the future: V得A can literally be interpreted "someone/somebody is able to do(V) sth in the sense of A".

    in your case, 谈(talk,chat)+得+来(come, here it means close. imagine that people "come" together=close) means people get along well when it comes to chating/talking, and that indicates they have similar hobbies or interests.

    猜得出=猜(guess)+得+出(out): 出 is out, here you can imagine something comes out of somewhere so that you can see it, it's not hiding anymore. so in this phrase, 猜得出 means you can guess sth right(out).

    你从哪听来的这个词,把整个句子写出来吧。

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