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Would appreciate answers on my question about the differences between these Korean grammar :)

Would appreciate answers on my question about the differences between these Korean grammar :)

-서 가다 vs -가지고 가다
e.g) 책을 사서 가다 vs 책을 사 가지고 가


-기 vs -는 것/게
e.g) 공부하기 vs 공부하는 것

만큼 vs 처럼

-러 가다 vs -로 가다
e.g) 먹으로 가다 vs 먹으로 가다

Thank you so much in advance!! ^^

For learning: Korean
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Hi:)

    1. They're interchangeable. However, -가지고 가다 is more colloquial and informal.

    2. They both turn verbs into nouns. So grammatically they're interchangeable, except for some idiomatic expressions that only use -기. (~하기 싫어 I don't want to ~, ~하기 어렵다/힘들다 It's difficult/hard to~)

    That said, ~기 sounds way more formal than ~는 것. I would not use -기 unless I'm making a list of things to do. For example,

    <오늘 할 일>
    1. 공부하기
    2. 청소하기
    3. 쇼핑하기

    ... you see the point.


    3. 만큼 / 처럼

    만큼 means "as ~ as," whereas 처럼 means "like .."


    나는 너만큼 크다
    I'm as tall as you.

    나는 너처럼 크다.
    I'm tall, just like you.

    너는 배우처럼 생겼다.
    You look like an actor.


    4. -러 가다 is used with verbs. To go -ing.
    -로 가다 is used with nouns. To go to a certain place.


    나는 고기잡으러 간다. I'm going shopping.

    나는 집으로 간다. I'm going home.


    But even a lot of native speakers confuse -러 가다 and -로 가다, so if you get them down, that means you're using them more correctly than a lot of us native speakers!

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