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What should I use... 에 에서 로 를?

I confused myself... What should I use when I am referring to a person?

Examples:
I am mad at him.
I bought a gift for my mom.
I feel sorry for her.
I talked to the teacher.

For learning: Korean
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    1) 에 is rarely used with people.

    2) 에게
    A. to
    I bought a gift for him. 그*에게* 선물을 사줬어.
    B. Whenever you "feel some emotions" towards someone
    I feel sorry for her. 그녀*에게* 미안해.
    I'm mad at him.. 그*에게* 화가나.

    - When referring to an older person, use "께"
    I talked to the teacher. - 선생님*께* 말씀드렸어.

    - 에게 sounds really formal/written by the way. In casual speech, use "한테"
    I feel sorry for her. 걔*한테* 미안해.
    I'm mad at him. 걔*한테* 화가나.
    I bought a gift for him. 걔*한테* 선물을 사줬어.
    I talked to the teacher. 선생님*한테* 말씀드렸어.

    So 90% of the times you'll hear 한테.

    3) 로 is also not used with people.

    4) 을/를 is an object particle.

    I love my parents. 나는 우리 부모님*을* 사랑해.

    I am mad at him. 그 사람에게 화가나 미치겠어./ 그 사람한테 화가나 미치겠어./그사람 때문에 화가나서 미치겠어.
    I bought a gift for my mom. 어머니께 선물을 사 드렸어. (honorific form, ~께)
    I feel sorry for her. 그 사람(여자)에게 미안함을 느껴/ 그 여자 안됐어. We sometimes don't specify 'the gender'
    I talked to the teacher. 나는 선생님께 말씀드렸어.

    ~에게/~한테 for/to/at
    ~께 honorific form / polite form

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