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Italian grammar

I am learning Italian and I am confused with the la and il. I know that la is feminine and il is masculine but what confuses me is do u always have to use il or la in front of a word or is it only when u want to say the. Because il pesce means the fish but if you say un pesce it's a fish. So I wanted to say I have a fish. It would be io averti e il pesce. Or is that sentence wrong. I am always confused on how to conjugate verbs in Italian and I feel I use the feminine and masculine articles wrong. Can someone clear the confusion for me thanks.

For learning: Italian
Base language: English
Category: Other



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    "I have a fish": "ho un pesce"; or: "io ho un pesce" - in Italian you usually don't need the personal pronoun as a subject, because you can already understand from the verbal form if it is a first, second or third person, singular or plural. Unless you want to stress it, for example if you say "io ho un pesce, loro no!" ("I have a fish, they don't!").
    The articles la and il correspond to the, and you always need to have either a feminine or a masculine form. The same for un (uno), una, which corresponds to "a". But, in plural: "io ho dei libri" ("I have some books"). "Dei, delle" is a partitive, and you use it as the plural equivalent of "un, una". A "bad" thing about grammatical gender: every noun is either masculine or feminine, also "il tavolo" (the table) or "la luna" (the moon), and one just needs to learn every word with its article - although of course we would understand what you want to tell also if you say "il luna" - but it would sound strange. Luckily, you can usually (but NOT always) understand whether a noun is feminine or masculine from its ending, fo example -a feminine, -o masculine.

    Hi. I don't know if I have understand perfectly your answer. howewer, the correct translate of /I have a fish/ is /io ho il pesce/, but according to me this sentence is not used much (It could be ambiguous), rather you can write /I have a fish/, or better /I have some fish/. however the use of il e la is very simple, you must not keep in mind the subject, simply you use il after a masculine and la after a feminine, you don't care if after it is io ho or noi abbiamo. I hope to be you helpful


    Try to follow this link:

    If you have more questions I can help you...bye


    I have a fish (eng.) = ho un pesce (It.)
    Note that 'io' has been dropped.
    Here you can find lots of conjugated verbs:

    Why do we usually drop the pronouns ?
    The simple reason is that almost each verbal voice uniquely implies a
    certain pronoun, which may therefore be kept as an implicit term without any change in the meaning.
    Actually, usually, if you do use the pronoun, that will give emphasis to the statement.
    You raised more than one questions, I only answered to a specific point.

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