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a:银行,商店 ,邮局都关门
b: 所有的银行,商店 ,邮局都关门



For learning: Chinese (Mandarin)
Base language: Chinese (Mandarin)
Category: Language


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    I'm not Chinese but I've been taught that there are grammatical differences and differences in meaning. 所有的 is a quantifier like 有的 or 有些/一些, whereas 都 is an adverb and is also required in fixed expressions and certain structures (e.g. in 每个。。。都 or 一点 。。。都/也没有). So in terms of meaning, 都 is sometimes just part of an expression. It can mean 'all,' but also 'both' or simply mean all of the nouns preceding it.

    a:银行,商店 ,邮局都关门
    = This could mean the same as b. But it could also simply be referring to ONE specific bank, ONE shop, and ONE post office which are closed (eg the bank, shop, and post office on the speaker's street) while others elsewhere are still open. Like a lot of Chinese sentences, the exact meaning depends on the context.

    b: 所有的银行,商店 ,邮局都关门
    = I think this more clearly means that ALL banks, shops, and post offices are closed, e.g., for a national holiday or because it is well past closing time.

    第一种都,是所有的意思。 第二种都,是城市的意思。

    1 像 博迈克 所说,有个the bank 和 all banks 的问题。这需要上下文解决。
    2 【银行都关门】有可能有歧义。
    【这么晚了,银行都关门了】THE bank is already closed。(maybe another bank is still open)【都】表示强调 already 。
    【今天过节大家放假,银行都关门了】even the banks are closed.(implying the goverment office, postoffice, shops are all closed.) 【都】强调 including banks

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