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why some of the korean words have the word ' o ' ?

E. g : 시간이 얼마나 걸립니까?

E.g : 안녕하세요.

For learning: Korean
Base language: Korean
Category: Other



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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    Because Korean letters must start with consonant. So, we need to put ㅇ to comply with the rule.
    시 = ㅅ + l (consonant ㅅ + vowel l)
    간 = ㄱ + ㅏ + ㄴ (consonant ㄱ + vowel ㅏ + consonant ㄴ, in this case, ㄴ is called 밭침 (ba chim)
    이 = zero consonant ㅇ + ㅣ (vowel l)
    얼 = zero consonant ㅇ + ㅓ + ㄹ

    But in 녕
    ㅇ is differently used as 밭침 and it has an actual sound 'ㅇ' (ng in English)
    consonant ㄴ + vowel ㅕ + consonant ㅇ (밭침)

    So, this is the rule.

    When a Korean word starts with a vowel sound, the 'o' is put in the place of a consonant. It has no sound when it's on top of the syllable and only has the 'ng' sound when on the bottom. Vowels can not come first in the syllable and so 'o' is just a place holder.

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