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-(으)ㄴ/는지 Confusion


I recently had a closer look on the -(으)ㄴ/는지 thing but got quite confused about the conjugation of 는/은 in some situations.

Usually I would assume with verbs like 먹다 it becomes 먹은지 because it ends in a consonant, (머 ㄱ<--) but actually it's 먹는지 for some reason. Unlike 사는지, which is very clear to me.
Yet other verbs that end in a consonant are conjugated like I assumed... 작다 becomes 작은지

can somebody explain why it's like that and how I can distinguish those? (I do have a suspicion it could have something to do with action words/not action words...)

For learning: Korean
Base language: English
Category: Language



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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker

    This is because 먹다 and 사다 are verbs, while 작다 is actually an adjective. (Your guess is right. It has to do with action words / non-action words).

    For verbs, you always put -는지 whether it ends in a consonant or a vowel.

    하다 - 하는지
    먹다 - 먹는지

    When it ends in ㄹ, however, ㄹ is dropped.

    살다 - 사는지
    줄다 - 주는지

    For adjectives, you put -ㄴ지 (if it ends in a vowel), or -은지 (if it ends in a consonant).

    작다 - 작은지
    예쁘다 - 예쁜지

    if it ends in ㅂ, then you drop the ㅂ and put -운지

    아름답다 - 아름다운지
    차갑다 - 차가운지

    There's really no way to distinguish verbs from adjectives by just looking at them. But if you know the meaning, it's usually pretty clear.

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