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How Do I Formulate A Sentence in Korean?


I have always had this problem ever since I started learning Korean. I am confused as to how a sentence is formed in Korean. Do I put the subject first and then continue the sentence, or do I somehow work the subject into the middle of a sentence? Or can it go both ways?

For learning: Korean
Base language: English
Category: Language



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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    We put subject anywhere in the sentence we want. Just put 'verb' at the end of the sentence, that would work well.
    한 남자가(Subject) 한 여자를(Object) 사랑해.
    A man a woman loves.
    But these are also possible.
    한 여자를 한 남자가 사랑해.
    한 남자가 사랑해, 한 여자를.
    한 여자를 사랑해, 한 남자가.

    It looks like a total chaos to you, but we actually speak in Korean like that.
    Just notice '가' after 남자 and '를' after 여자.
    "-가" makes 남자 as subject and "-를" makes 여자 as object.
    As long as you choose right endings(we call the endings 조사 or 토씨, but in English someone calls the endings 'particle') like that.
    I suggest you study 'the endings' then you will be very happy with Understanding Korean.
    I can show you some endings for you.
    1. For subject : -가, -은, -이, -는, -께서(honorific)
    It depends on the last letter(we call 종성, 밭침) of the word with the ending. Korean letter must starts with a consonant then vowel and sometimes followed another consonant.
    나 = ㄴ (consonant, sounds n) + ㅏ (vowel, sounds a)
    밥 = ㅂ (consonant, sounds b) + ㅏ + ㅂ (consonant, 밭침)
    You many notice the some rules here.

    -가 : 내가, 우리가, 그 여자가, 그 남자가, 언니가...
    -은 : 사람은, 동물은, 밥은, 책은...
    -이 : 사람이, 동물이, 밥이, 책이...
    -는 : 나는, 너는, 우리는, 언니는...

    -께서 :should go with any words 선생님께서, 아버지께서, 할머니께서

    2. For object : -을, -를, -에게,
    -을 : 사람을, 동물을, 밥을, 책을
    -를 : 나를, 너를, 그 여자를 ...
    -에게 : 너에게, 나에게, 사람에게, 동물에게...

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