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"牵"是什么意思? 怎么用呢?

For learning: Chinese (Mandarin)
Base language: Chinese (Mandarin)
Category: Language

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    Hi Simona - 牵, as you can tell from the character for "cow" (牛) underneath, came from the action of "puling a cow" along with a rope. It originally meant to tie a leash to a cow and lead it along. These days, it means also means to "hold hands" (牵手), to connect/be connected (牽連), to pull along (牵引), to be strained (牵强) (think how a rope gets strained if you pull it very tight), to force and control 牵制 (think about controlling an animal by leashing it and controlling its movement), etc.

    Brian is great in Chinese I think. but some obvious mistake appeared in the answer.
    牵强,is just like "farfetched" in English. means - If you describe a story or idea as "牵强", you are criticizing it because you think it is unlikely to be true or practical.

     

    两对男女在街上手牵着手一起往前走。

    Hi Simona ,let me try to answer your question , 牵 is usurally used as a verb, means lead along (by holding the hand, the halter, etc.)
    "Let me hold your hand." in Chinese we can say "让我牵着你的手吧。"



    目录

    简介
    基本解释
    释义

    编辑本段简介

    qiān
    编辑本段基本解释
    牵 繁体字:牵
    部首:牛,部外笔画:5,总笔画:9
    五笔86:DPRH 五笔98:DPTG 仓颉:KBHQ 郑码:GDWM 
    笔顺编号:134453112 四角号码:40502 UniCode:CJK 统一汉字U+7275
    ◎ 拉,引领向前:~引。~曳。~头。~线。~萝补屋(把萝藤拉上屋顶来补草房,形容生活困难,亦喻将就凑合)。
    ◎ 关连,带累:~连。~强(勉强牵连在一起)。意惹情~。


    英文:drag,pull,lead by hand
    编辑本段释义

    (形声。从牛,“冖”象牵牛的绳,玄声。本义:牵牛。小篆字形如右图。)
    小篆 牵

    小篆 牵[1]
    qiān
    <名>
    指可牵走的牲畜如牛羊猪等
    脯资饩牵竭。——《左传·僖公三十二年》
    同本义。引申为牵拉 [pull;lead along]
    牵,引前也。——《说文》
    牵,引也。——《广雅》
    飱牵。——《周礼·宰夫》。司农注:“牲牢可牵而行者。”
    与其牵傍。——《周礼·牛人》。注:“牵傍,在辕外挽牛也。人御之,居其前曰牵,居其傍曰傍。”
    牵牛悔亡。——《易·夬》
    牵牛而过堂下者。——《孟子·梁惠王上》
    牵衣顿足拦道哭。——唐·杜甫《兵车行》
    回车叱牛牵向北。——白居易《卖炭翁》
    攀草牵棘。——《徐霞客游记·游黄山记》
    又如:牵笼(拉扯);牵红(牵巾。新郎新娘拜堂后,以两家红巾绾同心结,各牵一端而行);牵扭(拉住);牵役(谓被拉去从事劳役);牵拖(拖拉。形容行动困难);牵拉(牵引拉住)
    牵制 [check]
    令出不行谓之牵。——《管子·法法》
    牵于俗而芜秽。——《楚辞·招魂》
    此牵乎天者也。——张衡《西京赋》。注:“犹系也。”
    又如:牵笼(牵制束缚);牵肘(从旁牵制);牵物(为外物所牵制);牵挽(牵制);牵缀(犹牵制)
    牵连;牵累 [implicate;tie down]
    道而弗牵则和。——《礼记·学记》。疏:“谓牵逼。”
    牵复吉。——《易·小畜》。疏:“谓牵连。”
    又如:牵枝带梗(牵连;牵带);牵惹(牵连);牵及(牵连;关系到);牵染(牵累,株连);牵率(株连;拖累)
    牵强 [strain]。如:牵书搭俗(牵强附会);牵附(牵强附会);牵率(牵强附会);牵裂(牵强割裂)
    拘泥 [rigidly adhere to]
    不牵于执。——《吕氏春秋·离俗》。注:“拘也。”
    又如:牵文(谓拘泥于字面);牵拘(拘泥;拘束);牵俗(拘泥于习俗)
    蔓延 [spread]。如:牵蔓(蔓延);牵漫(蔓延满布);牵绵(牵延连绵)

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