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Ligger eller legger?

For eksempel:
Faren min ligger på sofaen.

Legger seg betyr go to sleep, hvorfor ikke legger på sofaen?

For learning: Norwegian
Base language: Norwegian
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    I apologize for the poor explanation above. If it is okay, I will try to explain it again in a better way and in English.


    As you can hear from the English translation, ”to go to bed”, ”å legge seg” includes movement from one place to another. It describes change in state. The verb ”å ligge” does not describe any movements or changes. That is the main difference between the two verbs.

    ”Faren min ligger på sofaen” means ”My father is lying on the couch”. Since you are using the verb ”å ligge” the sentence includes that there is no movement and no change in action.

    If you use the verb “å legge” you have to have an object succeeding it to get it grammatically correct. In this case the object is the same person as the subject. Since the subject is third person you have to use the word “seg”.

    This sentence would then be “Faren min legger seg på sofaen”, but this sentence does not have the same meaning as the previous one. This sentence does only describe the movement from one place to another, meaning he is moving towards the couch and lying down. In English this sentence would be translated to “My father lies down on the couch”.


    The verb ”å ligge” also means ”to be located” and the verb ”å legge” also means ”to put”.

    ”Det ligger i kjøleskapet” means ”It is in the fridge” (no movement, no change).

    ”Jeg skal legge det i kjøleskapet” means ”I will put it in the fridge” (movement and change. It was not in the fridge before the action, but after the action, it is).


    There are more Norwegian verbs like ”å ligge” and ”å legge”, for example ”å sitte” and ”å sette”. "å sitte” means ”to sit” and does not include movement, while ”å sette” means ”to sit down” or “to set” and includes movement.

    “Han sitter på stolen” means “He is sitting on the chair”.

    “Han setter seg på stolen” means “He is sitting down on the chair”.


    :)

    "å legge" er et transitivt verb og må bli etterfulgt av et objekt. Det beskriver en handling hvor det skjer forandring.

    "å ligge" er et intransitivt verb og blir derfor ikke etterfulgt av et objekt. Det beskriver noe subjektet gjør som ikke skaper forandring.

    "å legge seg på sofaen" beskriver handlingen fra da personen ikke ligger på sofaen, til han gjør det.

    "å ligge på sofaen" forteller bare om den tiden han ligger på sofaen.

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