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When does the prefix "вы-" come at the beginning of a verb? Does it change the meaning of verb?



For learning: Russian
Base language: English
Category: Other



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    In this case the prefix changes the verb aspect, the verb учить becomes perfective выучить. There are several prefixes that have the same function, for example с-, по-, на-, про-:
    делать - сделать
    дать - подать
    писать - написать
    читать - прочитать
    However, unlike the previous examples, the verb couple учить - выучить is a bit different as учить focuses on the process of learning or memorising, meanwhile выучить means to obtain the result, to learn sth by heart, to memorise.
    Besides, the interesting thing is that sometimes the imperfective verb can have 2 or more perfective couples with slightly different meaning. Take an example of пить:
    выпить (to drink the entire thing, to finish) / попить (have a drink, to drink some).


    Yes, it does change the meaning to a certain extend. Here is an interesting article explaining the Russian prefixes:

    But you should keep in mind that the meanings are different sometimes, depending on the word.

    It works similar to Present Simple (учить) and Present/Past Perfect (выучить)

    It's like phrasal verbs. I'm not sure, but I think вы is like addition of "out" word in some cases. кидать, выкидывать - to throw, to throw out

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