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If oil supplies ____ in the near future, we would find it very hard to meet our energy needs.

A. will run out
B. were running out
C. would run out
D. were to run out

Note: Would you please analyze this question, thanks.

For learning: English
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    The answer is D. The reason is that this sentence is making a supposition, a hypothetical situation. So it is a "if + verb in subjunctive" + "then verb in conditional" construction. A shorter version would be "if I were a rich man, all day I'd biddy biddy bum... if I were a wealthy man, I wouldn't have to work." Further, you have to say "were to run out" instead of "were running out" because the supposition is about the future - "were to run out" basically is a counterfactual supposition for something in the future.

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