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Why is 'açıklıyor' he/she explained and 'açıkLANIyor' is being explained?

I understand that stems in l or a vowel form their passive the same as the reflexive but then why is the 'l' in 'lani' needed at all? why not simply 'kani'? *head-desks*

For learning: Turkish
Base language: English
Category: Language



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    açıklaMAK is the root, while -MAK is gerund. Açıklamak means to explain, reveal etc.

    -(ı)yor, -(i)yor, -(u)yor, -(ü)yor are suffices for present continuos tense. We choose one of them in accordance with "küçük ünlü uyumu" and "büyük ünlü uyumu"

    Thus we have
    (O) açıklıyor = he is explaining

    And if we will add the suffices for subjects, we can conjugate it as:
    (ben) açıklıyorUM = i am explaining
    (sen) açıklıyorSUN = you are explaining
    (o) açıklıyor = he/she/it is explaining
    (biz) açıklıyorUZ = we are explaining
    (siz) açıklıyorSUNUZ = you are explaining
    (onlar) açıklıyorLAR = they are explaining

    As we said before, açıklamak means to explain. If we will make it passive, we should say açıklaNmak = to be explained

    And if we will remove the gerund suffix (açıklan) and then add (-ıyor), we have açıklanıyor

    Dilek has explained the situation very well; however, i thought it might be helpful to add a couple of things, just in case.

    açık- clear
    açıkla (açık-la) - explain, clarify (imparative, active form)
    açıklamak (açık-la-mak) - to explain, to clarify
    açıklıyor (açık-la-(ı)yor > açıkl - ıyor) - He/she expains (Conjugated active form of 3rd person, present tense)
    açıklan (açık-la-n) - be explained, be clarifed (imparative, passive form, although it's not used in Turkish)
    açıklanmak (açık-la-n-mak) - to be explained, to be clarified
    açıklanıyor (açık-la-n-(ı)yor) - It is being clarified (Conjugated pasive form of 3rd person, present tense)

    active: etken
    pasive: edilgen

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