Site Feedback
Important Notice: Feb 1st from 05:00 to 08:00 (UTC) , italki will be down for scheduled maintenance. If you have scheduled sessions during this time, read our Announcement

Resolved questions
What's the difference between these two prepositions "А" and "И"?

   OOPT 

For learning: Russian
Base language: English
Category: Other

Share:

0 comments

    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.

     

    Answers

    Sort by:

    Best Answer - Chosen by Voting
    "и" = union Мама любит ходить в театры и музеи.
    "а" = opposition Мама любит ходить в театр, а дочка любит ходить в музеи.

    We use preposition “A” when we express the opposition. For example: He is afraid of darkness, AND (or BUT) I’m not afraid (Он боится темноты, А я не боюсь). There are any others meanings of this preposition, which is difficult to explain:) Preposition “И” has only one meaning. Usually we use it, when we enumerate, unite (combine) something or express consecutive actions. For example: He has one sister AND two brothers (У него одна сестра И два брата); I’ll take a dinner and I’ll go home (Я поужинаю И пойду домой). Sorry for my English:)

    They are not prepositions but conjunctions. "А" is used between two words in opposition "не правда, а ложь", "не можно, а нужно!", "Статен телом, а хорош ли делом?" or if you want to separate some stuff related to the same subject: "балкон был украшен кованой решеткой, а окна обрамляли резные наличники" (but both things (balconey and windows) are belonged to the same house). And so on: "Месяц под косой блестит, а во лбу звезда горит" (description of the Swan Princess).
    And the conjunction "И" is used when you list some common signs of the subject: "красные и голубые цветы росли на одном стебле", or when you speak about some consistent actions (without contraposition): "зашел в комнату, огляделся по сторонам и притворил дверь"

    Roughly "A" could be translated as "But" and "И" - as "And"

    I'm sure professional linguists would explain that in a better way....

    Submit your answer


    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.

    If you copy this answer from another italki answer page, please state the URL of where you got your answer from.