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基本和根本有什么区别?

For learning: Chinese (Mandarin)
Base language: Chinese (Mandarin)
Category: Other

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    基本:横向上来讲。即:在数量上(或案例上、人物上、概率上……)的总体情况或大多数情况。
    根本:纵向上来讲。即:不考虑“面”上的情况如何,着重在“理”上说明必定会怎么样。

    比如:
    基本正确。——尽管可能有些方面有些错误,但“大多数、总体上”是正确的。
    根本正确。——不管其他方面有没有错误,但“本质上、从道理上”必定是正确的。

    (“基”从“土”,指修房子的基盘,它有“横向”“数量向”的意味在里面。)
    (“根”从“木”,指植物的根部,它有“纵向”“道理向”的意味在里面。)

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