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How to say "Have & Haven't " in Korean??


Title say's it all :D Also, how do you say: "Do you have water?"

*한국어 is preferred ^^ *

For learning: Korean
Base language: English
Category: Language



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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    "have"as a verb : 있다

    돈이 있어요. have money

    "don't have" as a verb : 없다

    돈이 없어요. don't have money

    " have + p.p. " as an auxiliary verb : V + 았/었/였 + 다

    1. the word in front of the last word includes "ㅏ " or " ㅗ " -> V + 았다

    2. the word in front of the last word don't includes "ㅏ " or " ㅗ " -> V + 었다

    3. the word ends with " - 하다 " -> V + 였다 (Note that : 하+여->해)

    for example:

    eat 먹다 : 먹 + 었다 = 먹었다

    have eaten : 먹었어요

    go 가다 : 가 + 았다 = 갔다

    have gone : 갔어요

    study 공부하다 : 공부하+였다 = 공부했다

    have studied : 공부했어요

    " have + p.p. " as a auxiliary verb and the movement had already finished : V + 아/어/여 버렸다

    for example:

    eat 먹다 : 먹어버렸다 or 먹어 버렸다

    have already eaten (The movement of "eat" had been finished) : 먹어버렸어요 or 먹어 버렸어요

    come 오다 : 와버렸다 or 와 버렸다

    have already come (The movement of "come" had been finished) : 와버렸어요 or 와 버렸어요

    do a work 일하다 : 일해버렸다 or 일해 버렸다

    have already done a work (The movement of "do a work" had benn finished) : 일해버렸어요 or 일해 버렸어요

    "haven't + p.p. yet " as a auxiliary verb : V + 지 않았다

    for example:

    drink 마시다

    haven't drunk yet 아직 마시지 않았어요.

    Have = -했어요 / -있어요 / (verb + ㅆ) 어요
    I have started. = 시작 했어요.
    I'm eating right now. = 지금 먹고 있어요.
    I have seen it. 봤어요. (see = 봐)

    Haven't = 못했어요 / 못 - (verb + ㅆ) 어요.
    I haven't started yet. = 아직 시작 못했어요.
    I haven't eaten lunch yet. = 아직 점심을 못 먹었어요.
    I haven't seen it yet. = 아직 못 봤어요.

    Do you have water? = 물 있어요?

    have = 있어요
    haven't = 없어요

    집 있어요 = I have a house
    집 없어요 = I don't have a house

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