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i really have a big problem with "ت و ي " as they indicate female or male

 

expeciall in the sentence,
i often stucked on this, expecially the "verb" must conjucated with ت او ي
and i don't know, how to make them to F , or M,

ex:
أسف, لا توجد غرف شارغرة ) فارغ(
why dont use يوجد and why not غرفة

maybe you can give more explaination with new examples too.

could someone explain this to us,

shokran lakum
and God Bless you all :D

For learning: Arabic
Base language: Arabic
Category: Language

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    Feminine and Masculine in Arabic Language
    How to know a masculine word in Arabic:
    There are two types of masculine words in Arabic
    1-Real Masculine
    2-Figurative Masculine
    The Real Masculine is what you can tell is Masculine like (Man, Lion)
    The Figurative Masculine is what you treat as a masculine like (Moon, night)
    The Feminine words are also two types, but more complicated:
    1-Real Feminine
    2-Figurative Feminine
    The Real Feminine is everything that it has a masculine and feminine with a spirit like (Woman, Lioness)
    The Figurative Feminine is everything that you treat like a female (Fire, War, Sun)
    The Feminine can be pronounce in three ways
    1-Verbal
    2-Incorporeal
    3-Verbal Incorporeal
    The Verbal is a male name with علامة التأنيث
    Like:
    سمير=سميرة
    The Incorporeal is what it is a feminine even without having علامة التأنيث
    Which are
    ت , ة, ى , ا
    Like
    زينب, ام كلثوم
    The Verbal Incorporeal is a female name with علامة التانيث
    Like
    ريتا, سميرة, ندى, سعاد

    More Examples:
    شاعرة : Poetess شاعر :Poet
    يهودية : Jewess يهودي : Jew
    ممثلة : Actress ممثل : Actor
    2- بإضافة كلمة مؤنثة:
    ابنة عم Girl Cousin ابن عم Boy Cousin
    جدَّة Grand Mother جدّ Grand Father
    صديقة Girl Friend صديق Boy Friend3-
    3- بتغيير الكلمة :
    بنت Girl ولد Boy
    زوجة Wife زوج Husband
    امرأة Woman رجل Man

    Oh my friend! This is a very complicated question with a complicated answer... Just for a start I can tell you that you know a word is feminine if it ends with ت,ة,ى,ا

    But if you'd like to learn about this in depth it will need a lot of time, I can help you with it.

    I will write down a few things for you and send it :)

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